Tuesday, October 11, 2005
1614: A group of Dutch merchants, led by fur trade Adriaen Block, petition the States General for a trade monopoly in the area between Delaware Bay and the Canadian border. Their United New Netherland Co. will get an exclusive three-year deal.
1811: The first regularly scheduled steam ferry service in the U.S. opens between New York City and Hoboken, New Jersey. The steamer Juliana is designed and owned by lawyer John Stevens.
1844: Henry John Heinz is born at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He’ll start in business at age 8 carrying vegetables door to door and will make his first “Heinz” brand product -- ground horseradish -- at age 9.
1929: J.C. Penney opens a store at Milford, Delaware, making it the first U.S. retailer with stores in all 48 states.
1872: U.S. Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone (Columbia Law 1898) is born at Chesterfield, New Hampshire. He's one of the few justices to have three last names.
1961: Leonard “Chico” Marx, who as manager of the Marx Bros. negotiated the first Hollywood contract guaranteeing a share of gross receipts, dies at Los Angeles, California.
1975: Saturday Night Live debuts on NBC. It was really funny back then.
2001: Polaroid Co., one of the famed "Nifty Fifty" stocks of the late 1960s, files for bankruptcy.