Friday, September 9, 2005
1543: Six-day-old Mary Stewart becomes Queen of Scotland on the death of her father, James V. She’ll be betrothed at 5, widowed at 18, and beheaded at 35.
1776: The Continental Congress formally changes the name of the United Colonies to the United States.
1850: Texas cedes its claims to the lands that now comprise all or parts of Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and Wyoming, in exchange for federal assumption of $10 million in state debt.
1886: The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, the first international IP agreement, is issued.
1890: “Colonel” Harland David Sanders is born at Henryville, Indiana. He’ll begin selling chicken at age 40 as a sideline for his gas station in Corbin, Kentucky, and will begin franchising at age 62.
1909: Railroad tycoon Edward Henry Harriman, who quit school at 14 to take a job as a Wall Street errand boy and managed to buy his own seat on the New York Stock Exchange at 22, dies at age 61.
1926: The National Broadcasting Co., Inc., the first broadcast network in the U.S., is formed by its parent, the Radio Corporation of America.
1947: A moth lodges in a relay in a Harvard University computer. This is the first recorded computer “bug.”
1995: The “PlayStation Generation” is born as Sony introduces its popular videogame console into the U.S.