Wednesday, September 21, 2005
1558: Charles V -- the half-German, half-Spanish, Dutch-born, French-speaking Emperor who abdicated his throne as the most powerful European since the days of the Roman Empire -- dies at the monastery of Yuste in Spain.
1756: John Loudon MacAdam is born at Ayr, Scotland. As surveyor for the Bristol Turnpike Trust, he’ll develop a new means of making all-weather roads which will come to be known as “macadamization”; when asphalt is later added to the mix it will be called “tarmacadam,” or "tarmac."
1897: The New York Sun publishes the most reprinted editorial in history, “Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus.”
1937: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd., publishes a new novel by an Oxford professor of Anglo-Saxon. The Hobbit, or There and Back Again, proves an unexpected success.
1947: Writer Stephen King is born at Portland, Maine. He’ll get a $2,500 advance for his first book, Carrie.
1957: King Haakon VII of Norway, who in 1926 became the only foreign head of state to visit Lake Wobegon, Minnesota, dies at age 85.
1970: One of TV’s great franchises, Monday Night Football, debuts on the ABC Television Network, making an unlikely star of former NYU Law Review editor Howard Cosell.