Friday, September 16, 2005
1736: Thermometer maker Gabriel Fahrenheit dies at the Hague in the Netherlands.
1810: Priest Miguel Hidalgo of Dolores, inaugurates the Mexican War of Independence when he issues the Grito de Dolores ("Cry of Dolores" or "Cry of Pain") from the belfry of his parish church.
1875: Retailer James Cash Penney is born on a farm near Hamilton, Missouri. He’ll go into business at age eight when his father tells him he has to start buying his own clothes.
1893: A gun goes off and some 100,000 potential claimants swarm across the Oklahoma border to claim one of the 42,000 farmsteads available in what comes to be known as the Oklahoma Land Race.
1908: William C. Durant creates General Motors as a holding company for his Buick Motor Co. He’ll raise $12 million in stock sales in 12 days and will use the proceeds to buy Oldsmobile, Oakland (later Pontiac), and Cadillac.
1953: The St. Louis Browns baseball team gets league approval to move east and become the Baltimore Orioles, fifty years after the original Orioles had moved north to become the New York Yankees.
1956: Toymaker Rainbow Crafts introduces a new product that had accidentally been invented by two men looking for a way to clean wallpaper. They call it "Play-Doh."