Thursday, August 4, 2005
1265: King Edward I shows the barons who’s in charge, defeating them at the Battle of Evesham and killing their leader, Simon de Montfort.
1693: The Benedictine monk Dom Perignon invents champagne. Actually, he doesn’t exactly invent it, but he has the best marketing department, so his name sticks.
1735: Newspaper entrepreneur John Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the governor of New York. Zenger’s first two lawyers were disbarred in the course of the proceedings, but his third, Andrew Hamilton, manages to convince the jury that the charges were true.
1790: At the urging of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, Congress establishes the Revenue Cutter Service, forerunner of the U.S. Coast Guard.
1821: Printers Atkinson & Alexander of Philadelphia publish the first issue of a new four-page newspaper without illustrations. They call it the Saturday Evening Post.
1854: Japan adopts the Hinomaru ("sun disc") -- a red disc on a white background -- as its official naval flag.
1947: American occupation authorities create the Supreme Court of Japan.