August 27, 2005
Today in History: August 27
1232: Hojo Yasutoki, regent to the Shogun, issues the Goseibai Shikimoku, or "Formulary of Adjudications," the basic legal code of the Shogunate.
1637: Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore and proprietor of Maryland, is born. When he backs the wrong King during the “Glorious Revolution” the winner, William III, will confiscate the colony and put it under royal control.
1859: Edwin Drake, the first man to use drilling techniques for oil, finds it 69 feet below Oil Creek at Titusville, Pennsylvania. This is the beginning of the world's petroleum industry.
1865: Future Nebraska lawyer, U.S. Vice President, brigadier general, popular composer, bank president, and Nobel Peace Prize winner Charles Gates Dawes (Cincinnati Law 1886) is born at Marietta, Ohio.
1875: The body of San Francisco’s leading businessman, William Chapman Ralston, founder of the Bank of California, is found floating in the bay the day after a massive crash in the cash-strapped bank’s stock price.
1896: The Anglo-Zanzibar War, the shortest in recorded history (it's over in 45 minutes), ends with a British victory.
1928: The Kellogg-Briand pact makes war illegal.
1937: Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, a manufacturer of textile machinery, spins off its fledgling automobile division, which will be called “Toyota.”
1948: U.S. Chief Justice and one onetime Cornell law professor Charles Evans Hughes (Columbia Law 1884) dies at Osterville, Massachusetts.
1967: Brian Samuel Epstein, the Liverpool record store manager who at 26 will become manager of the Beatles and land them their first recording contract, dies of a drug overdose.
2003: Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in 60,000 years. Nothing in particular happens.
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