Friday, July 8, 2005
1497: Vasco da Gama leaves Lisbon for the first European voyage to India.
1663: King Charles II gives a royal charter to Baptist minister John Clarke to found a colony at Rhode Island in New England.
1775: The Continental Congress, trying to avoid a wider war, sends the Olive Branch Petition to King George III, offering to stop fighting if the King will redress their grievances. The king refuses even to receive it.
1826: Maryland lawyer Luther Martin, the delegate who led the fight against the proposed new U.S. Constitution because he featured it would lead to centralized government, dies at the home of his former client, Aaron Burr, in New York City.
1839: John Davison Rockefeller is born at Richford, New York, the son of a bigamist who made a living as a quack doctor and con man.
1889: Dow Jones & Co. publishes the first issue of a new and improved version of their existing Customers' Afternoon Letter, which they call the Wall Street Journal.
1889: John L. Sullivan knocks out Jake Kilrain after 75 rounds in the last bare-knuckle heavyweight championship fight. Contrary to much popular belief, gloves were introduced not to protect the boxer being hit, but the knuckles of the one doing the hitting.
1932: The Dow Jones Industrial Average hits its lowest point during the Great Depression, falling to 41.22.