Wednesday, July 27, 2005
1663: The English Parliament passes the second Navigation Act, which requires that all goods shipped to the American colonies must be sent in English-built ships sailing from English and Welsh ports, with all masters and three-quarters of the crews English.
1694: In exchange for a £1.2 million loan to the government, a group of subscribers called The Governor and Company of the Bank of England receives a royal charter and authority to print bank notes.
1789: The first government department under the new U.S. Constitution is formed. It’s originally called the Department of Foreign Affairs, but the name is later changed to the Department of State to confuse foreigners.
1863: William Lowndes Yancey, the lawyer and journalist who did as much as anyone to bring abut the secession of the southern states and the Civil War, dies less than a month after the Confederate disasters at Gettysburg and Vicksburg.
1866: Cyrus Field’s Anglo-American Telegraph Co. completes the first successful trans-Atlantic cable, allowing telegraphic communication between Europe and the United States.
1922: Norman Lear, whose career will prove that British sitcoms involving funny lower-class people yelling at each other (All in the Family, Sanford and Son) will translate well in the U.S., is born at New Haven, Connecticut.
1990: Belarus declares its independence from Russia for the second and hopefully final time.