Saturday, July 23, 2005
1862: Maj. Gen. Henry Wager Halleck, a successful San Francisco lawyer and railroad president, becomes General in Chief of the U.S. Army, replacing George MacClellan. Among his books is International Law, or, Rules Regulating the Intercourse of States in Peace and War (1861).
1866: Congress cuts the number of Supreme Court Justices to seven and creates the modern circuit alignment in “An Act to fix the Number of Judges of the Supreme Court of the United States, and to change certain Judicial Circuits.”
1903: Dr. Ernst Pfenning of Chicago becomes the first person to buy a Ford Model A, a two-seater runabout known as the “Fordmobile.” Cost? $750, with options including rear seat ($100), rubber roof ($30) or leather roof for ($50).
1936: U.S. Supreme Court Justice and former law professor Anthony McLeod Kennedy (Harvard Law 1961) is born in Sacramento, California.
1940: The U.S. government announces that it will not recognize the Soviet annexation of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. The Soviets do it anyway.
1950: U.S. Ninth Circuit Judge Alex Kozinski (UCLA Law 1975) is born at Bucharest, Romania. He's one of the few U.S. jurists to have been a successful contestant on The Dating Game.
1955: Secretary of State, United Nations architect and Nobel Prize-winner Cordell Hull (Cumberland Law 1891) dies at Bethesda, Maryland.
1973: Philosopher and occultist Robert Anton Wilson achieves telepathic communication with extraterrestrial aliens from Sirius.
1997: Digital Equipment Co., rapidly approaching dinosaur status in the computing world, files antitrust charges against Intel Corp.