Tuesday, July 19, 2005
711: An invading force of North Africans destroys the Visigothic army at the Battle of Medina Sedona, killing King Rodrigo and putting most of Iberia under Muslim control. A survivor of the battle, Pelayo of Asturias, will retreat to the northern mountains to organize resistance.
1814: American entrepreneur Samuel Colt is born at Hartford, Connecticut. "God made men," people will later say, "but Col. Colt made them equal."
1848: Led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, the two-day Women's Rights Convention opens at Seneca Falls, New York.
1898: American Marxist philosopher and sociologist Herbert Marcuse is born at Berlin in the German Empire.
1922: Future Dakota Wesleyan history prof and presidental candidate George Stanley McGovern is born at Avon, South Dakota.
1944: Retailer Montgomery Ward's Chicago properties are seized and Chairman Sewell Avery is carried from his office by soldiers after the firm refuses to obey what it considers to be an illegal executive order imposing a labor contract on it.