Saturday, June 4, 2005
470 B.C.: Socrates is born at Athens.
1760: New England planters arrive in Nova Scotia to claim lands confiscated from the Acadians.
1792: Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for England.
1801: Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg, the German-trained Lutheran pastor who became the first Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, dies at Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
1876: The "Transcontinental Express" reaches San Francisco, California, after a record-setting 83-hour, 39-minute run from New York City.
1896: Thirty-two year-old Henry Ford drives an automobile for the first time. It's one he designed himself, and the drive is delayed because it is a foot wider than the door of the shed in which he built it.
1917: The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded by the Columbia Journalism School.
1929: The Supreme Court of New Hampshire decides Hawkins v. McGee. A poll of law students will rate this "Hairy Hand" case as the most memorable contracts case of all time.
1937: The first shopping carts are put into operation at the Humpty Dumpty Supermarket in Oklahoma City. They're invented by the store's owner, Sylvan Goldman.
1942: Glenn Wallichs of Capitol Records starts a new marketing promotion, sending free copies of records to influential radio stations in hopes they will play them. The practice catches on.
1957: The first long-distance commercial coal pipeline (in which coal is transported by being mixed into a slurry with water) goes into operation, connecting the Hanna Coal Co. plant near Cadiz, Ohio, and the Cleveland Illuminating Company power station at Eastlake, Ohio. It can move 150 tons of coal an hour.
1974: Don Wetzel, Tom Barnes and George Chastain receive a patent for the ATM machine.