Saturday, June 25, 2005
1788: Virginia becomes the tenth state to ratify the new United States Constitution.
1867: Lucien B. Smith of Kent, Ohio, receives a patent for barbed wire. This will soon remake the face of the Western United States by allowing large areas to be cheaply and effectively fenced against cattle for the raising of crops.
1876: Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer's 210-man command is wiped out by an alliance of Lakota, Arapaho, and Northern Cheyenne at the Battle of Little Big Horn.
1903: Physicist Marie Curie goes before the examination committee for her Ph.D. Few candidates have ever been as well-prepared, since her work will win her the Nobel Prize in Physics later in the year.
1951: CBS Television broadcasts the first color commercial television broadcast, a show called Premiere, featuring Arthur Godfrey, Faye Emerson, Sam Levenson, Robert Alda, Ed Sullivan, Isabel Bigley, and Garry Moore. The CBS system, which is incompatible with existing black-and-white televisions, turns out to be a flop and is discontinued after four months.
1993: Avril Phaedra Douglas "Kim" Campbell, a former poli sci lecturer at the University of British Columbia, becomes head of the Progressive Conservative Party and Canada's first female Prime Minister.
1995: Former U.S. Chief Justice Warren Earl Burger (William Mitchell Law 1931) dies at Washington, D.C.