Monday, June 13, 2005
1752: The prototype of the fashionable best-selling novelist, Fanny Burney, is born at King's Lynn in Norfolk. Edmund Burke and Sir Joshua Reynolds will both sit up all night reading her Evelina.
1774: The Colony of Rhode Island becomes the first American colony to ban the importation of slaves.
1798: Fr. Fermín Francisco de Lasuén de Arasqueta founds the Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, regarded as the most beautiful of the California missions, at what is now Oceanside, California.
1844: Linus Yale receives a patent for the door lock. He'll open a business selling locks three years later.
1898: The Canadian government organizes the Yukon Territory, with land purchased from the Hudson's Bay Company. Settlement has been slow; today there are 31,000 inhabitants, with 19,000 of them in Whitehorse, the capital.
1920: The U.S. Postal Service rules that children may not be sent parcel post. Children rode in the mail car with postage stamps attached to them, and rode at the same price as live chickens.
1935: James J. Braddock knocks out heavyweight champion Max Baer in Ron Howard's current film, Cinderella Man.
1965: Philosopher Martin Buber dies at Jerusalem.
1966: The U.S. Supreme Court decides Miranda v. Arizona, holding that criminal suspects must be given specific warnings before being interrogated.
1967: President Johnson nominates Solicitor General Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1986: Twins Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen are born at Sherman Oaks, California. They'll start acting at age 9 months, and will be worth about $150 million each on their 19th birthdays.
2004: A meteorite the size of a grapefruit smashes through the roof of Phil and Brenda Archer's house in Ellerslie, New Zealand, destroying the couch.