April 29, 2005
Today in history—April 29
1683: China’s Qing dynasty annexes Taiwan, which had previously been colonized by the Dutch. It is the first time in 30,000 years that the Chinese rule the island.
1770: Captain James Cook and crewman from the HMS Endeavour land at Botany Bay in Australia. Emigrants will later sing:
Farewell to your bricks and mortar,
Farewell to your dirty lies!
Farewell to your gangers and gang-planks
And to hell with your overtime!
For the good ship "Ragamuffin,"
She's lying at the quay,
For to take oul’ Pat with a shovel on his back
To the shores of Botany Bay
1854: The first college for African-American students, the Ashmun Institute, is founded near Oxford, Pennsylvania, by a Presbyterian minister, John Miller Dickey. Its name will later be changed to Lincoln University.
1863: William Randolph Hearst, whose newspaper career will start at age 23 when his father gets the San Francisco Examiner in payment of a gambling debt, is born at San Francisco, California.
1944: One of the longest-running and most successful franchises in film history ends with the premiere of the last "Our Gang" comedy, Dancing Romeo. Forty-one child actors were at one time or another part of the Gang.
1951: Philospher Ludwig Wittgenstein dies at Cambridge, England. At the time of his death he had published only one book.
1960: American Bandstand’s Dick Clark testifies before Congress as part of the "payola" investigations. Although he's not charged with wrongdoing, ABC will subsequently require him to give up his publishing and recording interests.
1992: Rioting in Los Angeles kills more than fifty people and destroys nearly $1 billion worth of property.
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