Thursday, April 21, 2005
753 BC: Romulus founds a new settlement on the Palatine hills which he calls "Rome" in honor of the brother he slew. He attracts a population by offering sanctuary to refugees, criminals, and runaway slaves.
1142: French scholar and scholastic philosopher Pierre Abélard, whose most lasting fame came from his seduction of his young pupil Heloise—for which he was castrated—dies at Chalon-sur-Saône.
1836: Rebel Texas forces under Tennessee lawyer Samuel Houston surprise and rout the government army under General Antonio López de Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto.
1864: Sociologist and political economist Max (The Protestant Ethic) Weber is born at Erfurt, Germany. He’s credited with defining the state as "a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory."
1912: The New York Giants and New York Yankees play an exhibition game to benefit survivors of the RMS Titanic.
1918: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen is shot down and killed by Allied fire over Vaux sur Somme in France, giving his name to a popular brand of frozen pizza.
1944: French women get the right to vote.
1946: John Maynard Keynes, whose economic theories gave a tremendous boost to growing government expeneditures in the 1930s and 1940s, dies at Firle, Sussex.
1956: Heartbreak Hotel becomes the first Elvis Presley single to reach the top of the Billboard magazine music charts.
1970: Driven to rebellion by government farm quotas, the Hutt River Province secedes from the Commonwealth of Australia. They do not get recognition from other governments, but they sell a lot of knighthoods and T-shirts.