Friday, March 4, 2005
1394: The man who will do as much as anyone to break the Muslim monopoly on eastern trade, Prince Henry ("the Navigator") of Portugal, is born.
1665: British and Dutch trade rivalries in North America and West Africa erupt into the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1681: King Charles II grants a charter to the Quaker leader, William Penn, for the territory that will later become Pennsylvania.
1791: Vermont is admitted to the Union as the 14th state.
1849: According to legend, Senator David Rice Atchison of Missouri becomes President of the United States for one day, between the administrations of James K. Polk and Zachary Taylor.
1881: Dr. John Watson, breakfasting with his new roommate, first learns that Sherlock Holmes’s job is "consulting detective." A letter that day will launch A Study in Scarlet.
1917: Jeannette Rankin (R-Mont.) becomes the first woman to sit in the U.S. House of Representatives.
1944: One of the few CEOs to be sentenced to death for legal violations, Louis Buchalter of Murder, Inc., goes to the electric chair at Sing Sing.
1989: Time, Inc. and Warner Bros. announce plans for the shareholder disaster that will be "Time Warner."
1999: Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun (Harvard Law 1932) dies at Arlington, Virginia.