Saturday, February 19, 2005
1473: Lawyer, diplomat, soldier, canon, and public official Mikolaj Kupernik (a/k/a Nicholas Copernicus) is born at Toruń, Poland. He is best remembered for his hobby, astronomy.
1654: The English and Dutch sign the treaty that turns the Nieuw-Amsterdam colony over to England, which shows the same level of imagination as the Dutch by calling it New York.
1792: The U.S. Supreme Court issues Chisholm v. Georgia, its first case to mention "breach of contract." The decision has to be overruled by the 11th amendment.
1846: The first U.S. state government is installed in Texas, replacing the old national government.
1878: Thomas A. Edison patents the phonograph. The invention came about somewhat by accident, since he was trying to invent a telegraphic repeater.
1881: Kansas becomes the first U.S. state to prohibit sales of alcoholic beverages.
1913: A tradition is born as the first prizes are put into Cracker Jack boxes.
1922: Ed "The Perfect Fool" Wynn (born Isaiah Edward Leopold), blackballed after a 1919 actors' strike, becomes the first major vaudeville star to sign with the new medium called "radio."
1965: Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code goes into effect in the U.S. Virgin Islands.
1985: The Coco-Cola Co. introduces Cherry Coke.