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Wednesday, February 16, 2005

Today in history—February 16

1822: Sir Francis Galton is born.  He will invent the science of eugenics, but his most lasting contribution will be creation of the first newspaper weather map, for The Times, in 1875.

1852: Henry and Clement Studebaker form H. & C. Studebaker, a blacksmithing and wagon-building firm in South Bend, Indiana.  About half the covered wagons that go west are Studebakers; the company will build its first horseless carriage in 1897.

1868: A New York fraternal drinking club named "The Jolly Corks" changes its name to the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks.

1883: The Ladies Home Journal is published for the first time.

1923: Howard Carter breaks the seal on the long-lost tomb of King Tutankhamen at Thebes, Egypt.  The Pharaoh’s curse will slay him 16 years later, at age 64.

1937: Inventor Wallace Carothers of Delaware's E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. receives a patent for nylon. The first nylon stockings will be sold in 1940.

1946: The first commercial helicopter, Sikorsky Aircraft’s four-passenger S51, takes to the air for the first time.

1948: The first network television news program, Camel Newsreel Theater, debuts on NBC.  It is sponsored by the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., and produced by Fox.

1950: The quiz show What’s My Line debuts on CBS. I t will run for 17 years and launch the phenomenally successful Mark Goodman-Bill Todman game show production house.

1978: Ward Christensen creates CBBS, the first computer bulletin board, in Chicago.

2005: The Kyoto Protocol officially comes into effect.

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