Saturday, January 15, 2005
1759: The British Museum, the oldest national public museum in the world, opens. The original collection was assembled by Sir Hans Sloane; it was acquired by Parliament from his heirs.
1861: Inventor Elisha G. Otis of Yonkers, New York, receives a patent for what he calls a “hoisting apparatus” but is later known as the “safety elevator.” Otis’s contribution was the device that prevents the car from falling when the cable breaks—a major innovation in increasing its popularity.
1863: The first newspaper published on wood-pulp paper is produced. It’s the Boston Morning Herald.
1936: The world’s first all-glass office building is finished in Toledo, Ohio. Fittingly, it’s the headquarters of the Owens-Illinois Glass Company laboratory.
1943: Speaking of office buildings, the world’s biggest opens in Arlington, Virginia. The five-sided structure is dubbed “The Pentagon.”
1967: The first Super Bowl is held, pitting the NFL champion Green Bay Packers against the AFL champion Kansas City Chiefs. The Pack rolls 35-10.
1970: The “Henry Ford of Aviation,” William T. Piper, dies at 89. His two-seater “Piper Cub” became America’s most popular small aircraft.
1987: Paramount Pictures puts the first paid advertisement on a home video, a 30-second Pepsi commercial at the beginning of Tom Cruise’s Top Gun.