November 30, 2004
Today in history—November 30
800: Ambassadors from Caliph Haroun al-Raschid present the keys to the Holy Sepulcher to King Charles the Great of the Franks, as part of an agreement to a Frankish protectorate over the Christians of Jerusalem
1016: King Edmund II (Ironside) dies suddenly at the age of 27, leaving England to the Norse dynasty founded by Canute.
1794: The German legal scholar Ferdinand Walter, author of System des deutschen Privatrechts (1855); is born in Wetzlar.
1866: At a cost of $500,000 (around $5.7 million in today’s dollars) the first highway tunnel under a river is completed in Chicago. The Chicago River tunnel is a quarter-mile long.
1875: The new post-Civil War Missouri Constitution comes into effect.
1886: A big advance in the commercialization of sex is made with the first Folies Bergere revue in Paris. The place had been producing operettas and such, but the success of the Revue demonstrated that scantily clad women were much more profitable.
1891: Pope Leo XIII issues Rerum Novarum (sometimes called "On the Condition of the Working Classes") an encyclical on the rights of workers in a capitalist society:
The oppressed workers, above all, ought to be liberated from the savagery of greedy men, who inordinately use human beings as things for gain. Assuredly, neither justice nor humanity can countenance the exaction of so much work that the spirit is dulled from excessive toil and that along with it the body sinks crushed from exhaustion. The working energy of a man, like his entire nature, is circumscribed by definite limits beyond which it cannot go.
1907: The Pike Place Market is dedicated in Seattle.
1954: Elizabeth Hodges of Sylacauga, Alabama, is hit by a meteorite that rips through the roof of her house while she is sleeping. She gets a "nasty bruise." Funny, but she doesn't seem to have sued anyone over it.
1960: A major step in the history of the Sport Utility Vehicle is taken with the introduction of the International Harvester Scout 4x4, the first true challenger to the Jeep.
1988: The RJR Nabisco board decides to accept the $25 billion dollar buyout offer from the leveraged buyout firm of Kohlberg, Kravis & Roberts.
1993: Restrictions on the sale of hand guns go into effect, requiring five-day waiting periods and background checks of purchasers.
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