January 25, 2013
States Consider Allocating Electoral Votes by Congressional District
Virginia is leading a group of states controlled by Republicans but voting for President Obama in the 2012 election to change the way they allocate their electoral votes in the presidential election--moving from winner-take-all to allocation by congressional district, according to WaPo and HuffPo. Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, and Pennsylvania are also considering, or have considered, similar measures.
Currently just Nebraska and Maine allocate their electoral votes by congressional district. Both states award their other two electoral votes to the overall winner in the state. The proposal in Virginia would award its two additional votes to the candidate who wins the most congressional districts in the state.
Changing the allocation in all 50 states would have resulted in a 273-262 win for Romney in the 2012 election. (The total, 353, doesn't include D.C.'s 3 electoral votes. Even including those for Obama, however, Romney still would have won.)
The proposals stand in contrast to the national popular vote plan, an interstate compact in which participating states would award all their electoral votes to the winner of the national popular vote. But the compact has to hit a critical mass of participating states--a number that hold a majority of electoral votes. (It's currently about half-way there.)
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