May 21, 2007
USTR issues 2007 Special 301 Report
The Office of the United States Trade Representative has just issued its 2007 Special 301 Report. This report is, in its own words, "an annual review of the global state of intellectual property rights (IPR) protection and enforcement, conducted by the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) pursuant to Special 301 provisions of the Trade Act of 1974 (Trade Act)." Needless to say, a good deal of the report deals with China. Download the PDF version here.
April 30, 2007
Amnesty International sees deterioration of human rights situation
The Washington Post reports as follows:
The 2008 Olympic Games have become a catalyst for more repression in China, not less, according to an Amnesty International report released today and aimed at pressuring the Beijing government a year before the start of the world's premier sporting event.
The 22-page report says China's illegal detention and imprisonment of activists and other measures have overshadowed some modest reforms, including how the Chinese legal system reviews death penalty cases and the loosening of some restrictions on the foreign press. The report marks the latest effort by human rights organizations and individuals to try to use the Olympics, and the international spotlight they place on China, to push for broader reforms. (Full story here.)
April 20, 2007
Latest issue of ABA's China Law Reporter
Here's the latest (March 2007) issue of the China Law Reporter, put out by the China Committee of the ABA's Section on International Law.
February 10, 2007
Latest issue of GTZ newsletter
Here's the latest newsletter of the GTZ Legal Advisory Service (a German organization working in China). Please note that at the end of the newsletter they have a notice about internships with them in Beijing.
February 06, 2007
The death penalty in China
The latest newsletter of the Duihua Foundation has a good report on recent reforms in the death penalty regime, as well as some interesting statistics from Yunnan. Among other things, the report estimates (unfortunately without citing a source) that there were only one or two thousand executions in the early 1980s; informed estimates (cited in the report) for 2005 and 2006 put the numbers at about 8000 and 7000 respectively.
January 27, 2007
Latest issue of China Law and Governance Review now available
The China Law and Governance Review has resumed publication after a hiatus of a couple of years; the December 2006 issue is available here.
January 26, 2007
Empirical study of environmental law enforcement in China available on line
In keeping with my policy of plugging good books that readers might not normally run across, I am reproducing a message from Professor Jianfu Chen of the La Trobe University School of Law:
I am very pleased to advise that a very high quality empirical study of environment law enforcement in China is now on-line, free of charge for downloading.
The book is a Phd thesis completed at the Faculty of Law, Leiden University, by Benjamin van Rooij. It is an in-depth study of environmental law enforcement on the basis of many years of fieldwork on the ground. It is also a very high quality socio-legal study with a coherent theoretical framework and evaluation. It is one of the best Phd theses I have read in the last many years. I am sure all of your will enjoy reading it and find it useful in your own study and research.
The thesis is available here; an abstract by the author is at the end of this post.
There's something about environmental law that seems to promote good work in Chinese law. One book I have always liked is Xiaoying Ma & Leonard Ortolano, Environmental Regulation in China: Institutions, Enforcement, and Compliance (2000). Although the authors set out to write a narrowly focused study of the workings of the wastewater discharge permit system, they ended up writing a book full of interesting and important observations about how the Chinese legal system works. (Click here for a review.)
Since the second half of the 1990s, the Chinese government has made an intensive effort to control ongoing natural resource losses. In order to curb the loss of arable land and the environmental destruction caused by air and water pollution, central level leadership amended existing legislation, making it stricter and more specific. In addition, the center organized enforcement campaigns to overcome local resistance against the implementation of the amended laws. In an effort to understand the effects these changes had at the local level, this book details how they influenced compliance with natural resource legislation at Lake Dianchi in Yunnan province. It does so based on a yearlong fieldwork in several villages around the lake during which local compliance and enforcement behavior was studied.
The study finds that China’s stricter legislation and stronger law enforcement have failed to improve compliance with pollution and arable land regulation, and thus curb ongoing natural resource losses, at Lake Dianchi. This is largely because they have failed to overcome the conflict of interests of dominant local elites and local worries about income and environmental protection. In addition, it finds that the political rationality and the top-down way in which legislative changes and campaigns were organized have exacerbated these problems. Finally, it resonates with existing insights from other countries that improved compliance may occur if a convergence is forged where stronger regulation finds support from local communities, NGOs and is incorporated by market forces.
The book combines local case studies with theories about lawmaking, compliance, and enforcement, derived from Western and non-Western contexts. Doing so, this book offers a unique body of empirical and theoretical knowledge for those interested in how law functions in China, as well as those interested in the workings of regulatory lawmaking, compliance, and enforcement in a comparative perspective.
January 22, 2007
U Penn's Chinese Law and Policy Review
This is an unsolicited announcement about the Chinese Law and Policy Review, an online journal run by students at the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School. Its unique claim to fame (of course it no doubt has others) is that it publishes all its articles in both Chinese and English; original submissions may be in either language. For more information, check out its Web site.
January 06, 2007
Employment law in China
Here's a resource you might not normally run across in the usual bibliographies, since it's a book chapter. Hilary Josephs of Syracuse University wrote the chapters on Chinese employment law in this forthcoming volume.
January 04, 2007
New book: "China's Psychiatric Inquisition"
Normally I don't plug individual books or articles (then I might have to start justifying why I don't plug others, and that's not a road I want to go down), but I make an exception for material that is really outstanding or hard to find or some combination of both. In this case both criteria are satisfied (it's not on Amazon.com).
The book in question is Robin Munro, China's Psychiatric Inquisition: Dissent, Psychiatry and the Law in Post-1949 China (London: Wildy, Simmonds and Hill, 2006), a thorough study of the political abuse of psychiatry in China based on Munro's Ph.D. thesis (Department of Law, School of Oriental & African Studies, University of London). (I should perhaps disclose a personal connection: I have been a friend of the author for many years.)
This is an unimpeachably (and in my opinion irrefutably) researched book, based largely on openly published Chinese sources. As a result, skeptics don't need to take the author's word for it; they can verify his sources for themselves. Although Munro's previous works on this subject have, not surprisingly, subjected him to criticism, none of the criticism I have seen - even where it rises above ad hominem name-calling - actually addresses the sources he cites in such detail and what they tell us. In particular, many of his critics have focused on Falungong-related issues, which are just a minor part of the overall story. Political abuse of psychiatry existed well before the anti-Falungong campaign and continues quite apart from it.
For a debate on earlier work in this area by Munro (which will bear out my characterization of the criticism), see the following (a symposium issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, and a response by Munro in a subsequent issue):
- RJ Munro, Political psychiatry in post-Mao China and its origins in the cultural revolution, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, Mar 2002; 30: 97 - 106
- AA Stone, Psychiatrists on the side of the angels: the Falun Gong and Soviet Jewry, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, Mar 2002; 30: 107 - 111
- FW Hickling, The political misuse of psychiatry: an African-Caribbean perspective, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, Mar 2002; 30: 112 - 119
- S Lee and A Kleinman, Psychiatry in its political and professional contexts: a response to Robin Munro, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, Mar 2002; 30: 120 - 125
- SY Lu and VB Galli, Psychiatric abuse of Falun Gong practitioners in China, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, Mar 2002; 30: 126 - 130
- R van Voren, Comparing Soviet and Chinese political psychiatry, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, Mar 2002; 30: 131 - 135
- RJ Bonnie, Political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union and in China: complexities and controversies, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, Mar 2002; 30: 136 - 144
- J Birley, Political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union and China: a rough guide for bystanders, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, Mar 2002; 30: 145 - 147
Munro's response to his critics:
- R Munro, On the psychiatric abuse of Falun Gong and other dissenters in China: a reply to Stone, Hickling, Kleinman, and Lee, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, Jun 2002; 30: 266 - 274
Finally, here is the blurb on the publisher's Web site provided by Prof. Andrew Nathan:
This is a pathbreaking work in China studies, a chilling account of psychiatric abuse of political dissidents dating back to the early days of the Chinese regime and extending to the present. Munro's remarkable research brings to light the sufferings of thousands of previously unsuspected victims, some detailed in heart-breaking case studies.
Far from being an obscure corner of the Chinese system, the gulag of psychiatric abuse proves to be diagnostic of fundamental flaws in Chinese-style rule of law and state-dominated medicine. Munro's earlier research sparked an international campaign to seek improvements. This new, full account of his findings will stand as a classic of human rights research while it deepens our understanding of the Chinese legal and political system.
December 31, 2006
China Law and Governance Review resumes publication
Here is a letter from the editor:
We are resuming publication of China Law and Governance Review.
As a keen observer of China, we think that you will find the China Law and Governance Review different from other publications. The Review is not a news-clipping service or a bulletin of recent developments. We aim to examine and highlight some of the most interesting stories and compelling commentaries in the Chinese press, particularly in the areas of legal system development and governance. These accounts and commentaries reflect the complex, dynamic and seemingly contradictory realities of a country that is neither the authoritarian state nor the new frontier of capitalism that many abroad perceive it to be. We hope to stimulate discussion among our readership by offering value-added analysis, summaries, excerpts and background information to these news accounts and commentaries.
To view the current and past issues of the China Law and Governance Review, please go to www.chinareview.info.
To give you an idea of what the Review covers, here is the Table of Contents for the current issue:
Secured Transactions Law Reform in China
Key stakeholders in China work with the World Bank and People’s Bank of China to undertake legal and institutional changes to improve access to credit for Chinese businesses.
Returning Death Penalty Review to the Supreme People’s Court: How will the Court Staff the New Death Penalty Review Divisions?
The Supreme People’s Court is reinstating its full authority to review death penalty sentences. Three new criminal divisions will require a large number of new judges.
Voices Against Discrimination
An update of recent cases and developments in Hepatitis B Virus status, gender, residency and place of origin-based discrimination.
Heard on the Web
Beijing Police Abandons Quota
The quota system for traffic fines and criminal arrests in Beijing has officially ended. Most bloggers applaud the move and offer some interesting twists of their own.
The Review is a publication of China Law and Development Consultants, a Hong Kong firm specializing in non-profit development work in China.
We welcome your feedback. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to contact us at email@example.com.
Best wishes for the New Year!
Ms. Su Lin Han, Editor
Ms. Phyllis L. Chang, President, China Law and Development Consultant
Ms. Stephanie Fischer, Contributing Editor
December 30, 2006
China Law Reporter call for papers
Here's a message posted recently on the Chinalaw listserv:
I am a vice chair of China Committee under American Bar Association. Our committee has been thriving under the leadership of our present chairs and past chairs. First of all, I would like to wish everyone of you a happy and prosperous New Year.
As a vice chair of China Committee, I am in charge of editing a bi-monthly newsletter, “China Law Reporter” for China Committee along with other co-editors. So far, the newsletter has been well commented.
Our newsletter is divided into following parts: 1) “Co-chairs’ Messages”; 2) “Recent Developments” that contains short articles addressing hot issues; 3) “China Briefs” features short summary of recent China laws and regulations; 4) “Items of Interests” provide a list of articles or books related to China law; 5) “Job Opportunities” will allow job announcement be posted to China Law Reporter; and 6) “About the China Law Reporter” .
I am now soliciting short articles around 2000 or less words be posted to “Recent Development”. We usually post three articles per issue. If your article is not published on this issue, we’ll trail it to the next issue after we decided to use it.
You are also welcome to post job opportunities to our newsletter.
Your contributions to China Law Reporter are much appreciated. Please send your contribution simultaneously to following co-editors:
Qiang Bjornbak: firstname.lastname@example.org
Paul Edelberg: email@example.com
Cameron Smith: firstname.lastname@example.org
Russell Leu: email@example.com
The deadline for submitting your contributions is originally set on Jan 2nd, 2007. Due to long holiday season, I would like to extend it to Jan 7th. We need to get the newsletter released around mid of January. Please have questions, feel free to contact me. The samples of the previous newsletter are posted to China Committee home page at http://www.abanet.org/dch/committee.cfm?com=IC860000
Thank you in advance for your support to China Law Reporter
Attorney at Law
Vice Chair of China Committee
523 West 6th Street, # 701
Los Angeles, Ca 90014
213 239 9730, 310 403 8516
Skype ID qianghuab
December 12, 2006
USTR report on China's WTO compliance
On December 11, the United States Trade Representative released its annual report to Congress on China's compliance with its WTO obligations. I haven't yet read the report, and my posting of these links to it should not, of course, be construed as agreement with its findings.
December 11, 2006
Human Rights Watch report on restrictions on Chinese lawyers
On December 11, Human Rights Watch released a report entitled "A Great Danger for Lawyers": New Regulatory Curbs on Lawyers Representing Protesters [download | web link]. The report focuses on the All-China Lawyers' Association "Guidance Opinion on the Undertaking by Lawyers of Mass Cases" (中华全国律师协会关于律师办理群体性案件指导意见) issued last March and previously discussed on this blog. It also contains an English translation of the Guidance Opinion. For the New York Times story, click here.
November 25, 2006
Call for papers: conference of the European Association for China Law Studies
Here is an edited version of an announcement I recently received:
The Second Conference of the European Association for China Law Studies is bringing together legal scholars from Europe and other countries around the world. This conference series will serve as a meeting point for the research and teaching of Chinese law, an informational exchange among those involved in organizing China law studies, and a forum for developing individual research projects.
Authors are invited to submit abstracts before January 15, 2007. The abstracts should be submitted as an email attachment sent to Dr. Knut Benjamin Pißler (Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law, Hamburg/Germany, firstname.lastname@example.org) or to Professor Christiane Wendehorst (Sino German Institute for Legal Studies, University of Göttingen/Germany, email@example.com). The preferred format is MS Word.
The abstract should include:
- the title of the paper,
- full names of the author(s), their institutions, and email of the corresponding author,
- up to one page of text summarising the main contents of the proposed paper.
Authors will be informed of the paper’s acceptance before February 1, 2007. Camera-ready papers (not exceeding 10 pages) are due by July 1, 2007.
The full-length papers presented at the conference will be published.
For more information, click here.
November 19, 2006
Latest issue of China Law Reporter available
The November 2006 issue of the ABA Section on International Law's China Law Reporter is now available here. Here's a summary of the contents:
- Charles Booth, an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Hawaii School of Law and Director of the Institute of Asian-Pacific Business Law at the University of Hawaii School of Law, contributes "The Race of Two Tortoises: Insolvency Law Reform in Hong Kong and China".
- Paul Jones, Principal of Jones & Co. in Toronto, writes "Understanding China's Franchise Law Regulations".
- Robin Gerofsky Kaptzan, a US lawyer resident in Shanghai, contributes "Company Supervision of FIEs by Shareholders and Employees: A Hurdle for Small and Medium Size Enterprises in Shanghai".
- The Jun He Law Offices provide "Summary of Laws from June 10, 2006 to July 10, 2006" and "List of Laws and Regulations from June 10, 2006 to July 10, 2006".
- Kara Philips, the Collection Development Librarian/Associate Director of Seattle University's Law Library, contributes "Items of Interest," a review of China-related books and articles.
November 06, 2006
November issue of CECC newsletter now available
October 25, 2006
The following announcement comes (slightly edited) from Intchinalaw (click on the link to join), the listserv of the China Committee of the ABA's Section on International Law:
The China Review, an interdisciplinary journal on Greater China, has released its Fall 2006 edition, a special issue on WTO and China's financial development. The Asian Institute of International Financial Law at Hong Kong University has drafted the articles for this special issue:
* Implementing China's WTO Commitments in Chinese Financial Services Law, by Sanzhu Zhu;
* Insurance in China: Assessment of the Implementation of China's WTO Commitments, by Andreas Kellerhals;
* Managing Liberalization Risk in China's Securities Market: Challenges from WTO Implementation, by Michael Burke (China Committee Co-Chair); and
* CEPA and China's Banking Law: Conflicts and Adjustments, Wei Wang
The China Review is available online via ProQuest Reference Asia and at www.chineseupress.com.
October 24, 2006
Latest issue of GTZ newsletter now available
The latest issue of the Newsletter of the Legal Advisory Service [to China] of the German Development Cooperation (GTZ) can be downloaded here. The GTZ is still looking for interns; details in the newsletter.
October 23, 2006
New book on Macao business law published
Prof. Jorge Godinho of the Faculty of Law of the University of Macau has recently published Macau Business Law and the Legal System (LexisNexis, 2006), the first chapter of which is available on the Social Science Research Network here.