Chinese Law Prof Blog

Editor: Donald C. Clarke
George Washington University Law School

Sunday, August 23, 2009

Xu Zhiyong, Zhuang Lu, and Ilham Tohti released from detention

Here's the New York Times story. The NYT speculates that it may have to do with the arrival of the new US ambassador the day before. Unless you believe that the wheels of justice, grinding apolitically in each case, just happened to reach the point where all three could be released on exactly the same day, this is yet more evidence (if more were needed) that these are entirely political cases.

August 23, 2009 in News - Chinese Law, People and Institutions | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, August 21, 2009

Documents in the Tan Zuoren case

Indictment (photo) Tan Zuoren is an activist in Sichuan who was recently tried in Chengdu for incitement of subversion of state power. Here are some relevant documents:

August 21, 2009 in News - Chinese Law, People and Institutions | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, August 20, 2009

Still more on the Xu Zhiyong case

Xu Zhiyong has now been formally arrested on a charge of tax evasion. Here's a copy of the arrest warrant. (Note that he was already in detention at the time of his arrest.)

In addition, Gongmeng's business registration has been revoked; here's a copy of the decision.
[Aug. 23, 2009: Previous erroneous text deleted, following text added.] The decision cites Art. 69 of the Regulations on the Administration of Company Registration, which states: "提交虚假材料或者采取其他欺诈手段隐瞒重要事实,取得公司登记的,由公司登记机关责令改正,处以5万元以上50万元以下的罚款;情节严重的,撤销公司登记或者吊销营业执照。" (Where a company registration is acquired by false submissions or other fraudulent means, a company registration organ shall order correction, and impose a fine of not less than 50,000 yuan but not more than 500,000 yuan; if the case is serious, shall revoke the company registration or revoke the business license.)

August 20, 2009 in News - Chinese Law, People and Institutions | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, August 13, 2009

What is it about China that makes people do such dumb things?

I am prompted to ask this question by a post by Dan Harris on the China Law Blog, which we might call Item No. 547 (I haven't actually counted) in CLB's continuing series of reports on boneheaded things that foreign business people do in China. In this case, a US company "bought" a building in a deal whose legal foundations did not rise even to the level of dubious. Essentially, the company took the word of a government official that everything would be fine and did no legal or other due diligence. For cryin' out loud, consumers take more care making sure they have good title when they buy a car! I normally leave the China-business-related blogging to Dan, but really - surely the glamor has by now sufficiently worn off so that business people have no excuse for leaving common sense behind when dealing with China. (I count as "common sense" anything about business that an ivory-tower academic who has been out of active practice for over ten years knows.)

August 13, 2009 in Commentary | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, August 12, 2009

"If you want to file a petition, don't come to Beijing, please"

That's the heading of Flora Sapio's latest blog post, reporting on a new document issued by the Central Political-Legal Committee of the Communist Party.

August 12, 2009 in News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

He Weifang versus China's legal establishment on the "Three Supremes"

An interesting debate is going on over the doctrine of the "Three Supremes". This is the doctrine, credited to Hu Jintao and propagated by the new Supreme Court President Wang Shengjun, that political-legal work should uphold the supremacy of the Party's work, the supremacy of the people's interests, and the supremacy of the constitution and the law.

On June 25 of this year, the Supreme People's Court convened a conference on the Three Supremes attended by a number of prominent legal academics (i.e., most at at the level of dean and vice dean). I have to confess that when I sat down to read a report of their remarks, I was not expecting a lot. Clearly it was not part of the conference's agenda to call into question the whole appropriateness of the slogan. But I was pleasantly surprised. Of course, there was a certain amount of repetitious platitudinousness - six of the eleven contributors referred to the Three Supremes using the terms "organic whole" or "organic unity". But I thought that between the lines one could read a certain amount of pushback. Several of the contributors stated clearly that when it came to actual adjudication work by judges, there was only one supreme, and that was the constitution and the law. The place for the Party and the people's interests, in this view, was in the formulation of the law, and to allow consideration of these in the course of actual adjudication could easily lead to arbitrariness and corruption. Those making this and similar points included Jia Yu (President of Northwest University of Politics and Law), Wang Zhenmin (Dean of Tsinghua University's Faculty of Law), Han Dayuan (Dean of People's University Faculty of Law), Ma Huaide (Vice Dean of China University of Politics and Law), and Zhu Jiping (professor at Northwest Univ. of Politics and Law).

Needless to say, it is not exactly new to say that lawmaking activity should take into consideration what the Party wants as well as the interests of the people, so to relegate those Two Supremes to that realm is really to deny that the doctrine of the Three Supremes requires anyone to do anything they weren't already doing before.

He Weifang has a comment on the whole thing here. He doesn't necessarily criticize the attendees for what they said - indeed, he notes astutely that some of the attendees (he singles out Han Dayuan and Jia Yu) essentially reduced the Three Supremes to nothing by transforming them into a One Supreme (the constitution and the law), and suggests sarcastically that perhaps they were invited by mistake. There is some suggestion that perhaps they should have pointed out the inherent contradictions in having three supremes, and he notes their failure to address the reality that conflicts among those three supreme goals could exist. But his real complaint seems to be that they showed up at all for this kind of ceremonial rite, and suggests that they have sullied the reputation of scholars - including their own reputation - by doing so. Noting that all but one are all colleagues and friends whom he knows personally and respects, he ends by sighing for them.

SUPPLEMENTAL POST: Eva Pils of the Chinese University of Hong Kong points out that I have perhaps understated He's criticism of the doctrine itself. My purpose was to discuss what he said about his colleagues more than what he said about the doctrine, so I didn't address that part. I'll just add her remarks, with which I agree:

  • He compares it to the doctrine of the Holy Trinity in Christian religion, and says that in the case of the Holy Trinity, there was no way of producing a rational argument or proof, hence the doctrine was declared to be based in some sort of mysterious (or divine) communication. (虽然人们从《新约全书》里可以发现“三位一体”学说的权威依据,但是这毕竟是一种难以作出验证的事项,所以教会宣称这属于“奥秘”的“启示”,无法用理性作出论证,只能因为信仰而接受)
  • He provides the example of someone accused of ‘counterrevolutionary’ activity at the time and rehabilitated later, pointing out how difficult it would be to adjudicate that sort of case fairly, using the new doctrine.( “文革”不就是一个殷鉴未远的例子么?当年张志新对于“文革”提出非议,结果被以“反革命罪”起诉。面对这样的起诉,法院如何判决才是符合“党的事业”或“人民利益”?那时的法院当然判处无期徒刑,后来又改判死刑立即执行。只是“文革”后不得不平反,因为只有平反才符合“党的事业”和“人民利益”的要求.) 
  • In the last paragraph, he laments not only the loss of scholarly reputation but also the damage the new doctrine has done in judicial practice. (“三个至上”就是一句不适当的口号,将其作为司法机关的指导思想必然——实际上已经——带来法律实施中的巨大混乱。在学界不断批评,司法界怨声载道的今天,最高人民法院不仅不迷途知返,幡然改过,反而变本加厉…)

August 12, 2009 in Commentary, News - Chinese Law, People and Institutions | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, August 11, 2009

Alex Wang of NRDC on "The Real Significance of China’s First Environmental Group-Led Lawsuit Against the Government"

Here's a very interesting piece from a site I am embarrassed to say I didn't know about: the Greenlaw site, operated by the Natural Resources Defense Council and the China Environmental Culture Promotion Association. Lots of cool stuff related to Chinese environmental law and policy.

August 11, 2009 in Commentary, News - Chinese Law, People and Institutions | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, August 7, 2009

More on the Xu Zhiyong case, with documents

Here's some more information on Xu Zhiyong's detention:

First, a profile of Xu by journalist Susan Jakes.

Second, here's a Twitter feed set up by Gongmeng (Xu's organization) where you can follow developments in the case.

Rebecca MacKinnon has kindly permitted me to reprint the following instructions for accessing Twitter in China:

Twitter is blocked in China. However lots of people in China are still using it via various methods. In addition to using a VPN, proxy server or other circumvention means to access blocked sites, you can access Twitter via sites like iTweet  ( or Journotwit ( or you can use one of many "twitter clients" to access twitter without using your web browser. They include:
Tweetdeck (, Twhirl ( and Twitterific (

Third, here is a copy of the original sanctioning decision from the State Tax Administration: Page 1 | Page 2.

August 7, 2009 in Commentary, News - Chinese Law, People and Institutions | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, August 3, 2009

"The most heinous of crimes"?

Article 48 of China's Criminal Law states that the death penalty is to be against only those criminals who commit the most heinous of crimes (死刑只适用于罪行极其严重的犯罪分子). Apparently drunken drivers who commit negligent homicide now rank up there with professional hitmen and serial killers who torture their victims - at least according to the Intermediate Court of Chengdu, Sichuan, as reported here. An aggravating circumstance is that the driver was unlicensed. He did apparently stick around at the scene, however (as reported here). He was convicted of endangering public safety.

Obviously, negligent homicide through drunken driving by a guy who didn't even have a license is not a good thing. But if that's "the most heinous of crimes," it's setting the bar pretty low.

August 3, 2009 in Commentary, News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)