Chinese Law Prof Blog

Editor: Donald C. Clarke
George Washington University Law School

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Thursday, July 24, 2008

WTO issues panel report finding against China in auto parts dispute

A few months ago I blogged about the WTO panel's finding against China in the auto parts dispute. The panel report has now been made public. In the "Continuation" section of this post, I'll copy parts of the USTR statement and the Xinhua report describing what the dispute was about.

Here are some relevant documents (HT: Bill Abnett):

Continue reading

July 24, 2008 in News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Teng Biao in the Financial Times

Here's a mini-profile of Teng Biao (腾彪) in the July 23rd issue of the Financial Times. Check out in particular the embedded video in which Teng talks about his work. I have met Teng on several occasions; this soft-spoken man is truly admirable. I would be proud to have half his courage.

When people like Teng stick their necks out, what values are they sticking them out for? This, I guess, is my disagreement with those who insist that it's Eurocentric or narrow-minded or whatever to support the standard menu of human rights in China, and that "the Chinese" must find their own way, perhaps on some kind of Confucian foundation. When you get right down to it, the proponents of various schemes of managed democracy, popular consultation, corporatist assemblies, etc. do not risk their livelihoods and their personal safety to promote their views in China; people like Teng Biao do. He is as Chinese as all the others, and what he does is a legitimate part of China finding its own way. If he is willing to take these risks to support the standard menu of human rights, should the rest of us be too paralyzed by the fear of being accused of unthinkingly subscribing to the assumptions of some hegemonic ideology to support him? (Rhetorical question!)

July 24, 2008 in Commentary, News - Chinese Law, People and Institutions | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, July 23, 2008

Earthquake parents pressed to sign document promising silence

There's a story in the July 24th New York Times about parents of children killed in collapsed schools being pressed by officials to sign a document in which they request aid, praise the care of the Party and government, and promise not to make trouble. The amount of money is not mentioned in the document, but is apparently about $8800 in cash and a "per-parent pension" (annual? for life?) of about $5600.

Click here for a copy of the document the parents are asked to sign; sorry I don't have time to offer a translation.

July 23, 2008 in News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

Notes on pre-Olympics administrative licensing procedures

No realm is immune, it seems, from the tide of arbitrary government action that is preceding the Olympics. (Yes, I know you can't really be "immune" from a "tide", but I'm writing this in a hurry.) The following comments are from a music scene insider involved in a club on the east side of Beijing:

For those following the "No fun Olympics" story, clubs which have stopped performances, following the sudden new requirement that they must get performance licenses to have shows, have been given more bad news.  The Culture Ministry is responsible for giving the licenses, but they say they will not give a license to any club until it gets an approval from the Sanitation Department.  The Sanitation Department, however, refuses to give approval. 

One of my friends who works in the Beijing government called up a contact in the Sanitation Department for an explanation, and she was told that the Culture Ministry instructed the Sanitation Department not to give approvals to any club.  According to another club owner we spoke to, the Culture Ministry does not want to be accused of preventing "culture", so they have used this rather clumsy administrative head fake to hide their actions.

Some clubs have licenses from earlier times (large ones were all required to get them).  Most smaller clubs don't have them.  Some have decided to go ahead and hold shows anyway, while others, especially those run by foreigners, are more cautious.   

July 23, 2008 in Commentary | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, July 22, 2008

More on RMB problems and the foreign investment approval process

A short while ago I reported an interesting story about a foreign investment deal that ran into problems because the approval authorities thought the foreign acquirers were paying too much. It's not just a one-off or local problem, apparently. Here's a Dow Jones report about the same kind of thing going on in Shenzhen and Guangzhou. The first four paragraphs are below; please click on the link for the rest. Don't forget, you read it here first!

After years of cross-border mergers being delayed by authorities wary of foreign firms snapping up Chinese assets too cheaply, Beijing's preoccupation with hot money may be swinging the pendulum the other way.

Now some foreign investors are being told by China's currency regulator that they're paying too much for Chinese companies.

A spike in inward foreign direct investment this year - up 46% on year in the first half, compared with a 14% rise for all of 2007 - suggests potentially volatile speculative funds are flooding into China in the form of artificially high price tags on corporate investments.

That has prompted the State Administration of Foreign Exchange in recent months to question a number of deals where the agreed purchase price was higher than the value of the assets indicated by an independent appraisal.

July 22, 2008 in Commentary, News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, July 21, 2008

Unlawful execution procedures yet again

Because public executions so clearly violate Art. 212 of the Criminal Procedure Law, many people have questioned the facts as reported in the Washington Post story of July 19th (blogged about earlier here and here). This is understandable. At this point, however, on the basis of various things I've seen, my judgment is that the story is more likely accurate than not, and that an execution that was in substance public did indeed take place. Reports of this kind of thing in the post-Mao era are, I think, relatively rare - certainly I don't recall seeing any before. (This is different from saying their occurrence is rare.) But a colleague has sent me a link to a Chinese news report from 2006 that describes a public execution:

"9点50分,石悦军被押着从宣判现场出发前往执行现场,在执行死刑的现场的警戒线两旁,百姓把周围的可以观看的位置都站满了。" (At 9:50, Shi Yuejun was taken from the site where the sentence was pronounced [DC: probably some kind of sentencing rally] to the execution ground. Outside the police line at the execution ground, the common people (baixing) occupied every place available for watching [the execution].)

If this isn't "示众" ("displaying to the public", as prohibited by Art. 212), I don't know what is.

July 21, 2008 in News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (1)

Unlawful execution procedures in Xinjiang - follow-up

There has been considerable discussion - in this blog's comments section, on Chinalaw, on the Washington Post's web site, and elsewhere - on the accuracy of a report in the July 19th Washington Post about three executions being carried out in front of an audience of thousands in Xinjiang. I blogged about it here. Instead of adding yet another update, I thought a new blog post was in order.

I contacted the author of the WP article, Edward Cody, to ask him about his sources. His response, which I post with his permission, is below. In brief, four witnesses told him in separate interviews that they had actually seen the executions. This does not unassailably establish the proposition that they really did see them, but it seems at least to establish that Cody was very careful in reporting what he did and cannot fairly be accused of sloppiness.

Here's his response (very, very slightly edited since he wrote in haste):

"I talked with four people in Yingishahar, in separate interviews, who said they saw the executions. As far as I know, they did not belong to any group or otherwise have an agenda, other than being Uighurs. I made something of a point of asking them whether they saw the executions because I, too, had seen the RFA report and was departing from the premise that two people were executed. All four said No, three people were executed. When I asked whether they had seen it, they said yes. When I put my hand to my throat in a hanging gesture, one or two said No, the executions were carried out by rifle. I suppose there is always a possibility that my interviewees - all four - extrapolated having witnessed the public trial in the square with having witnessed what they knew came afterward, but that seems a stretch, particularly since I asked them specifically about seeing the executions."

July 21, 2008 in News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Sunday, July 20, 2008

Unlawful execution procedures in Xinjiang - back to the Cultural Revolution?

JULY 21st UPDATE:

Joseph Wang has a clarification that is too important to be left buried in the Comments section:

The Washington Post is very confused about what happened.  Here is the original story from Radio Free Asia.

http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/terror-07112008120250.html

As far as I can tell the sentencing was public but the execution was not, which is in accordance with Article 212 of the Criminal Procedure Law.

ORIGINAL POST BELOW:

The July 19th issue of the Washington Post carries a story that leads with three executions in Yengishahar, Xinjiang Province. I won't comment on the political issues involved, except to note that the executions occur in the context of an overall pre-Olympic security crackdown that has resulted in detentions, house arrests, and internal deportations - very often without any legal basis that I know of - for those considered "elements of instability" (不安定因素) such as activist lawyers and petitioners.

The interesting legal aspect of these executions is that they are reported to have been carried out in front of an audience of thousands. It is impossible to believe that the authorities in charge were not aware of Article 212 of the Criminal Procedure Law, which states clearly that executions shall not be carried out in public (the Chinese term, 示众, is more like "displayed to the masses"). One also doubts that the condemned were offered the chance for some last words, as is also required by Article 212. Thus, one can only conclude that when the law prohibited the authorities from doing what they wished to do, they simply didn't give a damn.

Here's the text of Art. 212:

第二百一十二条 人民法院在交付执行死刑前,应当通知同级人民检察院派员临场监督。
死刑采用枪决或者注射等方法执行。
死刑可以在刑场或者指定的羁押场所内执行。
指挥执行的审判人员,对罪犯应当验明正身,讯问有无遗言、信札,然后交付执行人员执行死刑。在执行前,如果发现可能有错误,应当暂停执行,报请最高人民法院裁定。
执行死刑应当公布,不应示众。
执行死刑后,在场书记员应当写成笔录。交付执行的人民法院应当将执行死刑情况报告最高人民法院。
执行死刑后,交付执行的人民法院应当通知罪犯家属。

July 20, 2008 in News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (2) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, July 18, 2008

Protesting Sichuan parents detained

Here's a report from Radio Free Asia on police detentions of parents protesting shoddy school construction. Although some predicted a new era of openness and citizen activism following the tremendous social response to the Sichuan earthquake, the government seems to have reverted quickly to form, with local authorities suppressing inquiries into the cause of widespread school collapses and the central government standing by, complicit certainly in effect and probably in intent.

The parents of children killed in school collapses are going to be very difficult to deal with. Many feel that having lost their only children, they have nothing else left to lose. I think it's very likely that some number of them - how many, it's impossible to know, but certainly more than a negligible number - will become diehard petitioners: the type who simply won't give up no matter what the government tries by way of threats and cajolery, even though there is no possibility that the government will yield. The authorities have already brought out the "emotionally unstable" label; is this a sign that obstreperous parents may ultimately disappear into what purports to be a psychiatric facility?

July 18, 2008 in News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (4) | TrackBack (1)

Wednesday, July 16, 2008

List of on-line Chinese law databases

Flora Sapio has generously taken the time to compile and post a great list of databases on her blog; available here. (HT: Otto Malmgren.)

July 16, 2008 in Research Resources | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (1)

Tuesday, July 15, 2008

Photo series: female capital convicts just before execution

Here is a somewhat ghoulish set of photographs posted on the Duowei forum site entitled "The Execution Process of Beautiful Capital Convicts" (美女死刑犯被处决过程). I can't vouch for their authenticity or even their approximate dates. I post them with a bit of hesitation, but if they are authentic then their informational value outweighs their prurient appeal.

JULY 19th UPDATE: Flora Sapio, an expert in this field, has some comments that are too important to be left, probably unnoticed, in the "Comments" section:

Somewhat ghoulish but very interesting nonetheless. Difficult to tell the genuine from the fake ones. Some of them raise some doubts. For instance, some of the people portrayed wear PAP uniforms. To my knowledge, the PAP seldom parades criminals. Besides some of the women in the pictures are simply too well dressed, while others look too relaxed. Also notice the "binding technique" that they used on the criminals. Too complicated. Compare it to the one that can be seen in pictures published by the Renmin Ribao and other official websites. Don't know. It would require a bit of time analyse these pictures. Also, one would need to known when they were taken, and in which province.

July 15, 2008 in Commentary, Other | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, July 9, 2008

Violent demolition of homes in Yingbei Village, Shandong

Here's a video recently posted to Youtube showing the beating by thugs of villagers resisting demolition of their homes. The Chinese titles are below (thanks to a colleague who wishes to remain anonymous for the translation). This kind of thing doesn't just happen out in the sticks; the July 4th edition of the New Beijing News (新京报) reports here that a villager in Miyun County, which belongs to Beijing, was beaten to death for resisting demolition.

Here are the titles to the Youtube video:

1) With the formal promulgation of the Property Rights Law on October 1, 2007, the useage rights of residents to their homes became sacred and inviolable.

2) However, in Yingbei Village, Weikuiwen District, Shandong Province, many people, as they were beaten and cursed, lost their homes.

3) In order to renovate the old village, the village chief Gao Zhigang, without having achieved a consensus of a majority of the people in the village, led his son, gang members and others, to force demolitions of homes.

4) May 28, 2008

5) They beat up some poor old people.

6) (at time 1:25) forced them out of their own homes

7) (at time 1:54) they beat up young people who dared to defend their homes. [DC: I think this should be in the singular.]

8) (at time 2:34) beating them over and over again.

9) (at time 3:53) the young people were beaten unconscious

10) (at 4:04) Not that nobody cared, but nobody dared to care

11) (at time 4:44) Send to the hospital for emergency treatment

12) (at 5:32)  The local government blocked any information of this incident. The peasants had no where to turn.  In today's society, peasants still suffer from this kind of oppression!

13) (at 5:44)   I hope that everyone will notice this incident, and notice how the power and violence are abused in our harmonious society! -- tw

July 9, 2008 in News - Chinese Law | Permalink | Comments (2) | TrackBack (0)