October 24, 2009
LACBA Bankruptcy Program - November 17, 2009 - With Yours Truly as a Speaker
Recent Bankruptcy Decisions in the Ninth Circuit: What You Need to Know
Presented by: Commercial Law and Bankruptcy Section
Subsection/Committee: Bankruptcy Committee
A distinguished panel of bankruptcy lawyers will discuss the pitfalls, problems, and detours around the bankruptcy decisions within the Ninth Circuit.
Bernard D. Bollinger Jr., Buchalter Nemer
M. Jonathan Hayes, Law Office of M Jonathan Hayes
Aram Ordubegian, Arent Fox LLP
Jason D. Wallach, Gladstone Michel Weisberg Willner & Sloane ALC
Los Angeles County Bar Association, 1055 West 7th Street 27th Floor , Los Angeles
1055 W. 7th Street: $10 with validation
Other parking lots in area at prices starting at $5.00
Registration: 12:00 - 12:30 p.m.
Meal/Reception: 12:00 p.m.
Program: 12:30 - 1:30 p.m.
CLE+ Members (meal not included) FREE
CLE+ Plus Members with meal $15.00
Commercial Law & Bankruptcy Section Members with meal $60.00
LACBA Members with meal $70.00
All Others with meal $85.00
1 hr CLE credit
Registration Code: 010656
Space is limited. Advance payment required to guarantee seating. Attendees must arrive within the registration period. If this program does not state that it is sold out, please feel free to register at the door. 48-hours (2 business days) cancellation notice required.
The LACBA Online Event Registration System will not allow multiple registrations (e.g. one person registering multiple people), although one person may register him or herself for multiple events.
For assistance with multiple registrations or if you wish to register by Phone with Visa, MasterCard or American Express please call our Member Services Department at (213) 896-6560 Mon-Fri, 9 a.m.- 4:30 p.m.
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The Los Angeles County Bar Association is a State Bar of California MCLE approved provider. If this is a CLE event, the Los Angeles County Bar Association certifies that this activity has been approved for MCLE credit. CLE events will state the amount and type of credit offered in the calendar listing.
9th Circuit to Hold Oral Arguments at UCLA - October 28, 2009The announcement can be accessed here.
October 22, 2009
California Homestead Exemption Increases January 1, 2010
A thanks to Matt Reznik:
Under the "did you know" category...
Just stumbled upon this info:
HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION RAISED
Homestead Exemptions Increased (Assembly Bill 1046) - Effective January 1, 2010: California Homeowner'’s equity protected from creditors is now $75,000 for individuals and $100,000 for married couples and $175,000 for seniors (over 65), disabled or over 55 with limited income.
Writ of Craving Oyer - I'm not Kidding!
From mega bankruptcy attorney Marc S. Stern firstname.lastname@example.org. Note: This is a real motion.
Debtor, by and through counsel, hereby responds to the Objection to Confirmation filed by [...] Bank, Requests that matter be continued until the her primary counsel can return from bar meetings out of state and discovery can be completed, and requests this court issue a Writ of Craving Oyer.
1. The debtor operates the property in qustion as a rooming house.
2. The debtor derives revenue from providing room and board to foreign students.
3. The Debtor has done this since before the inception of the loan.
4. The loan being modified herein was obtained using the rental income from the room and board as part of the income considered in granting the loan.
5. This objection was filed on Tuesday of last week. Marc S. Stern, the debtor's primary counsel left on Wednesday morning for Bar Meetings in Los Angeles and Los Vegas and has not had the time necessary to devote to this response. Ms. [Jones] has refused a request for continuance.
6. The debtor is out of state until October 26 and is unavailable to sign a declaration. The debtor is entitled to adjust the interest rate on the home loan in question because as a rooming-house, the property is not solely the principal residence of the debtor.
MOTION FOR CONTINUANCE
The debtor has not had any chance to complete discovery. The decision to make the loan, the collateral relied upon, and the documents received in support of the loan require that the debtor be given time to complete discovery. See, Motion for Craving Oyer, infra.
This Objection was filed at the very last minute, and a continuance was requested, informally. Ms. A refused, as is her right. However, given the important legal issues and the need for a firm factual underpinning for the court's ultimate ruling in this case, the court must continue the hearing until counsel can be present and discovery completed.
II. The Property is Not Solely the Principal Residence of the Debtor
A. Section 1322(b)(2) Does Not Apply AR has operated use the property herein as a rooming house and income producing property since before the inception of this loan. (she has occasionally suspended renting rooms due to health problems.] [(2) Ms. [R] out of state until October 26th, is unavailable to sign a declaration in support of this reply.
At any given time, the property in question houses several, primarily foreign, students. The students receive room and board, with meals prepared by the debtor. This makes the obligation not secured solely by residental real property. This is a question of first impression in this Circuit, however, it is the clear holding of the 3rd Circuit in. In re Scarborough 461 F.3d 406, 2006 WL 2466859 (C.A.3 2006 (Pa.)) the court held that
By using the word "is" in the phrase "real property that is the debtor's principal residence," Congress equated the terms "real property" and "principal residence." Put differently, this use of "is" means that the real property that secures the mortgage must be only the debtor's principal residence in order for the anti-modification provision to apply. We thus agree with the reasoning of the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Connecticut when it noted that § 1322(b)(2) "protects claims secured only by a security interest in real property that is the debtor's principal residence, not real property that includes or contains the debtor's principal residence, and not real property on which the debtor resides." In re Adebanjo, 165 B.R. 98, 104 (Bankr.D.Conn.1994). A claim secured by real property that is, even in part, not the debtor's principal residence does not fall under the terms of § 1322(b)(2). Consequently, "real property which is designed to serve as the principal residence not only for the debtor's family but for other families is not encompassed by the clause." Id.; see also In re Maddaloni, 225 B.R. 277, 280 (D.Conn.1998) ("[T]he use of 'is' without any modifier ( e.g., 'in whole' or 'in part') does not evince an intent by Congress to apply the antimodification provision to real property that includes, but is more than, a debtor's residence."); In re McGregor, 172 B.R. 718, 720 (Bankr.D.Mass.1994) (relying on plain language of § 1322(b)(2) to permit modification of claim secured by "the debtor's residence and property which has 'inherently income producing' power"); In re Legowski, 167 B.R. 711, 714 (Bankr.D.Mass.1994) (same). [emphasis supplied]
It is believed that the deed of trust in this case contains a security interest in rent. It is also clear that the rental income was part of the original collateral package and the existence of rent was used in making the determination to make the loan. As the term is defined, the property includes the debtor's residence but is not the debtor's principal residence.
MOTION FOR CRAVING OYER
The debtor askes the court for a Writ Directing the bank to Crave Oyer, or, more literally, bring the original document to court. A Motion for Craving Oyer is one of the lesser known Common Law writs. The common law was adopted in the State of Washington and in the United States. Craving Oyer predates the formation of the United States of America. Literally, it requires that the document be read in court.
In today's world, it is impossible to tell who owns the document. Were this a law suit in King County, where the property is located, local rules require hat the Original Document be filed in the court. This court should not be less vigilent than its state court counterpart. In fact, since the plan requires modification of the terms of the Note and Deed of Trust, the original should be produced so that the terms of the Order Confirming Plan can be attached to the document as an allange thus providing notice to future holders that there has been a modification.
In the event that the original can not be produced, with appropriate assignments evidencing that Deutsch Bank is indeed the holder of the instrument, its claim must be denied and its objection over ruled.
This matter is not ripe for a decision. The bank has not demonstrated that it is entitled to any relief. The debtor has requested a continuance and there is still discovery to do. In any event, it is clear that section 1322(b)(2) does not apply to this case because the obligation in question is not secured solely by the debtor's principal residence. This court should continue the matter for 120 days in order to complete discovery or it must overrule the objection.
Response from fellow listmember Dan Press
Well, here in VA we crave oyer all the time. But I would think that because it's purely procedural, it has been superseded by the Rules Enabling Act and the All Writs Act. In Federal Court, if you want the original, just ask for it in discovery.
The reason we crave oyer so much in state court is that there is really no effictive motion for summary judgment (we can only rely on the pleadings and requests for admission), so if the document is not attached to the complaint but is part of the cause of action, craving oyer not only gets the document produced, but it is deemed part of the pleading so that it can be included in a demurrer (the equivalent to a 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss). In Fed. Court (including bk court), you can use the document if they produce it in discovery, so that's not necessary.
Of course, this doesn't relate much to foreclosure litigation in VA (what's that??!!), because our foreclosures are strictly non-judicial.
Chung & Press, P.C.
6718 Whittier Ave. #200
McLean, VA 22101
October 21, 2009
Circuit Court of Appeals Cases from Last Week
In re Simply Media, Inc., --- F.3d ---, 2009 WL ------------- (1st Cir 2009)(appeal dismissed and OSC set re sanctions against attorney for frivolous appeal)
1st Circuit Court of Appeals, October 15, 2009
In re Reale, --- F.3d ---, 2009 WL ------------- (1st Cir 2009)(preference judgment for trustee affirmed where 1) debtor exercised sufficient control over the funds at issue to demonstrate that they were an interest of the debtor in property; and 2) successor judge had no obligation to recall witnesses or to order a new trial)
October 20, 2009
SFVB Program October 26, 2009
San Fernando Valley Bar Assn - Business Section
Review of the '09 Woodland Hills Bankruptcy Judges' Opinions
Panel: Amy Goldman, Esq.; Stella Havkin, Esq. and Steve Fox, Esq.
Date: Wednesday, October 28
Time: 12:00 Noon Lunch and Program
Place: SFVBA Conference Room
21250 Califa Street, Woodland Hills
Cost: $30 Members prepaid; $40 at the door
$40 Non-Members prepaid
$50 Non-Members at the door
The SFVBA is a State Bar of California approved MCLE provider. By attending this seminar, attorneys earn 1 hour MCLE.