April 3, 2009
Oberstar on Virgin America
Rep. James Oberstar has finally weighed-in on the matter of Virgin America's citizenship. In a letter to U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood, Oberstar questioned the airline's citizenship status and called for a public inquiry into the matter. As discussed previously on the blog here and here, Alaska Airlines has already petitioned the U.S. Department of Transportation to open a public proceeding into Virgin America's citizenship following news reports that the carrier's primary U.S. investors--two hedge funds--sold back their stake to the U.K.-based Virgin Group, effectively leaving the latter as the sole owner. Virgin America has disputed this claim to the extent that it insists that 75% of its voting shares are still held by U.S. citizens (presumably the hedge funds).
The question of the hour, as a number of observers have pointed out, is whether those shares are still owned by U.S. citizens. In other words, do the U.S. citizens controlling at least 75% of the voting shares still have a financial stake in them? As Rep. Oberstar states in his letter:
If the [former U.S. owners] have no further stake in the success of the company, there is serious question as to whether their continued title to the shares is sufficient grounds for them to be considered the owner of the stock, for the purpose of the statutory requirement that a U.S. carrier must have 75 percent of its voting stock owned or controlled by persons that are citizens of the United States. If the Virgin Group has all of the financial interest in the stock, it would seem to be the owner for purposes of the citizenship requirement.
In its March 23 filing before the DOT, Virgin America did not deny that the U.S. hedge funds had sold back their financial iinterest in the carrier's voting stock to the Virgin Group. Rep. Oberstar believes "[i]f Virgin had been able to make this denial, it presumably would have done so, since this would be a strong, if not irrefutable, argument for denial of the requests for an investigation."
With this degree of high profile scrutiny being placed on Virgin America, it is unlikely that the airline will be able to stave off a public investigation much longer. The climate for latitude from the DOT is not good. Rep. Oberstar and other members of Congress have already begun publicly scrutinizing the DOT for what they see as an overly permissive granting of antitrust immunity to airline alliances. With legislation pending which could sunset all antitrust immunity within three years and begin an investigatory process which could lead to the DOT losing its immunization powers altogether, the pressure is certainly on for the agency to fall in line with the regulatory (and some would say protectionist) temperament on Capitol Hill. If that's the case, then Sir Richard Branson's bold endeavor to finally penetrate the restricted U.S. air transport market may be at its end.
April 1, 2009
IALI & GMF Event Report
Last Friday, the International Aviation Law Institute and the German Marshall Fund hosted a luncheon seminar entitled "Transatlantic Aviation: Can We Move Beyond Open Skies?" The event drew a capacity crowd of more than 100 aviation lawyers, academics, industry leaders, and government officials and featured the formal launch of Professor Brian Havel's new book, Beyond Open Skies: A New Regime for International Aviation. EU Ambassador to the United States John Bruton launched the book and delivered a spirited address on the future of U.S./EU aviation relations. Ambassador Bruton took time also to comment on the pending 2009 FAA Reauthorization Act and its potential to hinder the ongoing negotiations for a second stage U.S./EC Air Transport Agreement. He exhorted the mainly U.S. audience to recall the free market principles for air transport that the United States has evolved and exported (“Europe imitated the United States and now we need to get the United States to imitate itself,” he declared) and to stay true to these principles even in tough economic times. With Professor Havel serving as moderator, Ambassador Bruton also fielded questions from audience members on legal and policy developments affecting aviation in Europe, including noise restrictions at EU airports, the European Commission's proposal to temporarily suspend the "use or lose" slot rule, and the controversial plan to bring aviation into the EU’s emissions trading scheme.
At the close of the event, Professor Havel presented a crystal vase to Ambassador Bruton on behalf of the Institute. The vase was engraved by Professor Havel's brother, Mirek, who trained with Waterford Crystal. This was one of the Ambassador's last public events in his four-year term in Washington.
The Institute expresses its sincere thanks to Ambassador Bruton and the European Commission Delegation to the United States, and to the German Marshall Fund, for their collaboration with us in promoting and staging this event. The Institute also expresses its appreciation to all of the program attendees and hopes that they found the discussion lively and informative.
March 31, 2009
Ambassador Bruton's Remarks at the GMF
A copy of EU Ambassador John Bruton's remarks at last Friday's event sponsored by the International Aviation Law Institute and the German Marshall Fund are available online at the European Commission's Delegation to the U.S. website here. In addition to Ambassador Bruton's comments on the future of U.S./EU aviation relations, the event also saw the launch of Professor Brian Havel's new book, Beyond Open Skies: A New Regime for International Aviation. A summary of the event will be posted on the blog shortly.