Antitrust & Competition Policy Blog

Editor: D. Daniel Sokol
University of Florida
Levin College of Law

Monday, May 6, 2013

Evolution of Cartel Practice in Croatia

Posted by D. Daniel Sokol

Desa Mlikotin Tomic, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business and Jasminka Pecotic Kaufman, University of Zagreb describe the Evolution of Cartel Practice in Croatia.

ABSTRACT: This paper analyses the development of cartel enforcement practice in Croatia since the first Competition Act was adopted in 1995, i.e. since the Competition Agency was established in 1997. Until 2009 only five decisions have been adopted which deal with the issue of cartel arrangements between competitors. The facts of these cases are presented and main legal issues discussed. The authors point out to three underlying characteristics of the ten-year enforcement practice: (a) all cartel cases concerned explicit collusion; (b) in all cartel cases there was an association of undertakings that promoted collusion and/or helped to enforce the cartel; (c) undertakings gave self-incriminating statements in the proceedings before the Competition Agency. On the basis of these characteristics the authors conclude that the fight against cartels in Croatia is still in its infancy. Some awaited legislation changes (introduction of leniency, competence of the Competition Agency to decide on fines) should make cartel enforcement more viable in the future.

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