Tuesday, April 16, 2013
Posted by D. Daniel Sokol
Carmel U. Chiswick (George Washington University) has an interesting paper on Competition vs. Monopoly in the Religious Marketplace: Judaism in the United States and Israel.
ABSTRACT: Economic analysis is used to compare different paradigms for understanding the marketplace for religions and religious ideas. The "Sacred Canopy" paradigm views it necessary for social stability to grant monopoly power to an official state religion. The "New Paradigm" views separation of Church and State, leading to competition in the religious marketplace, as guarantor of freedom of conscience. Judaism in the United States illustrates the outcome in a competitive religious environment. Judaism in Israel illustrates the outcome in a monopoly experiencing potential competition, possibly leading to an oligopoly structure.