Antitrust & Competition Policy Blog

Editor: D. Daniel Sokol
University of Florida
Levin College of Law

A Member of the Law Professor Blogs Network

Sunday, July 1, 2012

Violations of Antitrust Provisions: The Optimal Level of Fines for Achieving Deterrence

Posted by D. Daniel Sokol

Alberto Heimler, Advanced School of Public Administration (Italy) and Kirti Mehta European Union - Directorate General for Competition have written on Violations of Antitrust Provisions: The Optimal Level of Fines for Achieving Deterrence.

ABSTRACT: While the general principle that fines for antitrust violations be set at deterrent levels is well established in prevailing Guidelines on Fines, how these principles are to be interpreted in specific cases is not even considered, or at most only non-operational indications are provided. This article attempts to fill this gap by elaborating some guidance on how deterrence could be achieved for specific categories of violations, by taking into account very simple parameters of demand and supply responses to price signals. In the first place, we argue that a measure of ‘ex ante’ extra profits provides the conceptually correct starting point and we suggest how this may be calculated. Second, general principles of determination of fines can and should be applied in distinct ways to cartel and to abuse of dominance violations, taking into account the different probability of detecting these violations. Furthermore, the determination of the deterrent level of fines would benefit both enforcement and compliance if appropriate account is taken of the interplay between fines, leniency, and private litigation. A simulation approach is developed in the article to provide competition authorities with ranges of percentages of fines that may become useful in practical applications.

http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/antitrustprof_blog/2012/07/violations-of-antitrust-provisions-the-optimal-level-of-fines-for-achieving-deterrence.html

| Permalink

TrackBack URL for this entry:

http://www.typepad.com/services/trackback/6a00d8341bfae553ef0167680491a5970b

Listed below are links to weblogs that reference Violations of Antitrust Provisions: The Optimal Level of Fines for Achieving Deterrence:

Comments

Post a comment