Antitrust & Competition Policy Blog

Editor: D. Daniel Sokol
University of Florida
Levin College of Law

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Tuesday, May 8, 2012

Competition and Innovation: The Inverted-U Relationship Revisited

Posted by D. Daniel Sokol

Aamir Rafique Hashmi, National University of Singapore has posted Competition and Innovation: The Inverted-U Relationship Revisited.

ABSTRACT: I re-examine the inverted-U relationship between competition and innovation (originally modeled and tested by Aghion et al. (2005) by using data from publicly traded manufacturing firms in the US. I control for the possible endogeneity of competition by using a trade-weighted average of industry exchange rates as the instrument. I find a mildly negative relationship between competition (as measured by the inverse of markups) and innovation (as measured by citation-weighted patents). The relationship is robust to many alternative assumptions and specifications. To reconcile the mildly negative relationship in the US data with the inverted-U relationship that Aghion et al. (2005) find in the UK data, I modify their theoretical model and show that the modified model can explain both negative and inverted-U relationships. The key theoretical assumption is that the UK manufacturing industries are technologically more neck-and-neck than their counterparts in the US. I find support for this assumption in the data.

http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/antitrustprof_blog/2012/05/competition-and-innovation-the-inverted-u-relationship-revisited.html

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