Antitrust & Competition Policy Blog

Editor: D. Daniel Sokol
University of Florida
Levin College of Law

A Member of the Law Professor Blogs Network

Friday, October 16, 2009

Bank Competition, Risk and Asset Allocations

Posted by D. Daniel Sokol


John H. Boyd (Minnesota - Carlson School), Gianni De Nicolò (IMF) and Abu M. Jalal (Suffolk - Econ) explain Bank Competition, Risk and Asset Allocations

ABSTRACT: We study a banking model in which banks invest in a riskless asset and compete in both deposit and risky loan markets. The model predicts that as competition increases, both loans and assets increase; however, the effect on the loans-to-assets ratio is ambiguous. Similarly, as competition increases, the probability of bank failure can either increase or decrease. We explore these predictions empirically using a cross-sectional sample of 2,500 U.S. banks in 2003, and a panel data set of about 2600 banks in 134 non-industrialized countries for the period 1993-2004. With both samples, we find that banks' probability of failure is negatively and significantly related to measures of competition, and that the loan-to-asset ratio is positively and significantly related to measures of competition. Furthermore, several loan loss measures commonly employed in the literature are negatively and significantly related to measures of b! ank competition. Thus, there is no evidence of a trade-off between bank competition and stability, and bank competition seems to foster banks' willingness to lend. 

http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/antitrustprof_blog/2009/10/bank-competition-risk-and-asset-allocations.html

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