Friday, April 27, 2007
Posted by D. Daniel Sokol
Two Italian academics, Antonio Nicita of the University of Siena and G.E. Ramello of the University of Eastern Piedmont, have published a new working paper on the interface between IP and Antitrust entitled Property, Liability and Market Power: The Antitrust Side of Copyright.
ABSTRACT: This paper investigates the interplay between copyright law and antitrust law in two distinct respects. We first argue that the origin of copyright seems to be rooted not only in the need to foster the production and the spread of knowledge but also in the necessity of limiting market power on the side of distributors. We then show the potential impact on market competition of the evolution of copyright as a property rule. While property rules reduce transaction costs in the standard case of bilateral monopoly over the exchange of information goods, they might increase transaction costs. When coupled with market power, a property rule enables the right holder to control uses and prices so as to implement entry deterrence strategies against potential competitors. Conversely, we argue that reversing property rules in favor of competitors or switching to liability rules for copyright may restore competitive outcomes. This conclusion brings new insights on the application of the essential facility doctrine to copyrighted works.