Adjunct Law Prof Blog

Editor: Mitchell H. Rubinstein
New York Law School

Monday, August 26, 2013

The Unemployment Insurance Appeal Board may apply the doctrine of collateral estoppel in denying a claimant UI benefits based on a disciplinary arbitration that led to the claimant’s dismissal

2013 NY Slip Op 05280, Appellate Division, Third Department
A claimant for unemployment insurance benefits challenged his dismissal from his position by the employer but an arbitrator concluded that there was just cause for his termination.
Subsequently the Unemployment Insurance Appeal Board denied the claimant’s application for unemployment insurance benefits, ruling that he was disqualified from receiving such benefits because he was terminated for disqualifying misconduct. The claimant then appealed the Board’s ruling.
The Appellate Division affirmed the Board’s decision explaining that "as there was a full and fair opportunity to litigate the issue in the prior [arbitration] proceeding, collateral estoppel effect must be given to the arbitrator's factual findings regarding claimant's misconduct."
As the Board had appropriately taken into account the arbitrator's factual findings and made "an independent evaluation as to whether that conduct constitutes 'misconduct' for the purposes of unemployment insurance" the Appellate Division found no basis to overturn the Board's ruling.
Although the individual contended that “at worst, the alleged conduct constituted an excusable error in judgment,” the Board disagreed.
The decision notes that the individual had been counseled by the employer prior to this incident "for various safety violations" and where the misconduct is potentially detrimental to the employer's best interest may, “as in this instance, be sufficient to constitute disqualifying misconduct.”
The decision is posted on the Internet at:

Reprinted by permission New York Public Personnel Law


Mitchell H. Rubinstein

Employment Law | Permalink


Thanks for this I've been looking around into unemployment appeals and this was really useful to me. I've been trying to get help from friends to and one recommended this site .

Posted by: Avery Schlacter | Jan 22, 2014 9:54:13 AM

Thanks for telling me about this case! I've been looking into unemployment appeals and this gave me some help with some personal things going on in my life. I actually heard another case like this from a friend, hopefully I'll be able to work things out.

Posted by: Avery Schlacter | Feb 21, 2014 8:27:26 AM

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