December 27, 2012
Employer met its burden of showing employee failed to establish her age discrimination, hostile work environment, constructive discharge and retaliation claims
In this action, the plaintiff [P] alleged that she was the target of unlawful age discrimination, served in a hostile work environment, and was subjected to constrictive discharge and retaliation.
The Appellate Division sustained the Supreme Court’s dismissal of the P’s petition, finding that the employer had met its burden of demonstrating P failed to establish her claims of age discrimination, hostile work environment, constructive discharge, and retaliation.
The Appellate Division, with respect to P’s unlawful discrimination claim, explained that there was no evidence that P suffered from an adverse employment action. The assignment of P to certain non-supervisory tasks ordinarily performed by teachers constituted "merely an alteration of her responsibilities and did not result in a materially adverse change,' since [she] retained the terms and conditions of her employment, and her salary remained the same."*
The court said that P failed to raise a triable issue of fact as to her hostile work environment claim, since the alleged conduct and insults by her employer and coworkers were not "sufficiently severe or pervasive to alter the conditions of [her] employment"
Addressing P’s claim of constructive discharge, the court said that standard for establishing "constructive dismissal" is higher than the standard for establishing a hostile work environment, “where, as here, the alleged constructive discharge stems from the alleged hostile work environment.” As P failed to raise a triable issue of fact with respect to her hostile work environment claim, "her claim of constructive discharge also fails.”
Finally, the Appellate Division held that with respect to P's retaliation claim in found no evidence of an adverse employment action resulting from her filing of a notice of claim against the employer nor was there any evidence of a causal connection between P's commencement of litigation and the allegedly adverse actions against her, commenting that the conduct at issue began months before P filed the notice of claim
* As to P’s complaint alleged disciplinary memoranda in her file, threats of unsatisfactory ratings, disciplinary meetings and allegations of corporal punishment, these did not constitute adverse employment actions as P received "satisfactory end-of-year performance rating[s], and none of the [alleged] reprimands resulted in any reduction in pay or privileges."
The decision is posted on the Internet at:
Reprinted by permission New York Public Personnel Law
Mitchell H. Rubinstein