Wednesday, July 2, 2014
I've started working out recently with this exercise DVD program called Focus T25 by Shaun T. It's incredibly hard and I often find myself wanting to quit half way through, it's only a 25-minute video. Whenever I want to give up Shaun T will chime in and say “stay focused, don’t quit.” After yelling several obscenities at the TV screen, I usually manage to crawl to the end by staying focused on the end goal, which is to get back in my skinny jeans and ultimately to have a healthy lifestyle. For those of you taking the bar exam, the bar review is much like that exercise video. There are times when you want to give up and may yell obscenities at anything bar related (aside from an actual bar), but I beg of you to please don’t lose focus and don’t give up.
Most of you entered law school with an end goal in mind. You wanted to help the underserved access legal services, you wanted to work on the next big deal or you wanted to fight crime as an ADA. Whatever the case may be, you entered law school with a goal. Don’t let the bar exam make you lose sight of that goal. I know it’s hard and you may want to give up at times, but that’ s when you need to stay focused and as Shaun T would say “dig deeper.” Ask yourself “why am I doing this?” If you can still answer, because “I want to help the underserved”, “I want to be a great litigator “or “I want to be the next great deal maker”, then you must hang on to that and power through.
The bar review and the bar exam will test your mentally, physically and emotionally, but stay focused and fiercely hang on to your goal. It really is worth it. (Larasz Moody-Villarose)
Saturday, June 28, 2014
I am in the middle (or actually, the middle of the end) of writing my first law review article in 7 years. It has been a monumental task, starting with the fact that I am terribly out of practice. The Bluebook has changed since the last time I published in a law review (and I wasn't great at Bluebooking to begin with!) I have only had a month of solid writing time, although I have been researching and writing piecemeal for almost a year. To get inspired this morning, because I am so tantalizingly close to the end, but just so burnt out and exhausted, I read an article in the Chronicle of Higher Ed comparing writing to running. I am a long distance runner, primarily at the 10k to half-marathon length, so I thought the article could help inspire me. And she did have some good advice.
Done is better than perfect. As I write, I think about all the connections I should be making. However, I don't have the time to write the article of my dreams, I have to finish. And done is better than perfect. I think this also applies to bar takers. So many high-achieving students get stuck during bar prep because they have trained themselves to be perfect. On law school exams, aiming for perfect is important if you want to be in the top of your class. But for bar prep, just getting the work done is more important than perfect. You can't be perfect when you have so many subjects to cover, and so little time.
Writing and running each require one small step. An article doesn't come out whole in a day or a week. Neither does bar prep. Each are about taking one small step, then another, and so on. Because if you look at the project, the race, or the bar exam, as one giant monolith, you will never get started. And you have to get started. And you have to keep going when you only have 4 pages of a 30 page article, or you have only read one subject in a 15 subject outline, or you have run one mile, and have 12.1 more to go.
So with that, I need to get back to writing. I am working on one of my last sections, a section that is dear to my heart--ASP. And then I need to write my conclusions. Wish me luck. And to all of you working on the bar exam, good luck to you, too. I hope to see fellow ASPers at LWI next week.
Thursday, June 19, 2014
Many bar applicants are unsuccessful on the written portion of the bar exam because they fail to adequately answer the question(s) posed by the examiners. However, telling our students to “answer the question” not only seems obvious, but can also feel patronizing. To avoid this, I clarify how a student can ascertain what the examiners are really asking by following these steps.
Step 1. Read the call of the question to identify the subject, parties, and cause(s) of action. If the call is narrowly crafted (i.e. Can Abel be found liable to Cain under a strict liability theory?), make sure that you are answering the specific direction within the call. If the call is broadly drafted (i.e. Discuss the liabilities of the parties.), you will need to determine the central focus from the facts presented.
Step 2. Before moving forward, recall the key topics within the subject area being tested. You should be able to visualize your checklist, flowchart, or outline for each topic area. You may even want to quickly write your mnemonics on your scratch paper.
Step 3. Now, it is time to “actively read” the fact pattern. What does “actively read” mean? Use a pen/pencil/highlighter (depending on your state bar policies) to circle, underline, or annotate the facts as you read through them slowly. Pay attention to numbers, quoted language, unusual FORMATTING, and repetition within the fact pattern. These are structural and factual issue signals. Pay close attention to these facts and use them liberally within your answer as you apply the law. Reading slowly and carefully will help you to fully synthesize and find relevance for all of the facts.
Step 4. Use your scratch paper. Yes, use the paper provided to sketch out your answer before you begin typing your response. Do NOT rewrite the entire fact pattern or your entire outline. Use your scratch paper to list the buzzwords and legally significant facts. But, you may also want to write the call of the question on your scratch paper to ensure that you answer it. These brief notes will help later with your IRAC.
Step 5. An important last step: reread the call of the question! Make sure that your scratch paper notes and initial impressions align to the actual question being asked. Now, you are ready to begin writing your answer.
Bar exam drafting committees are constructing fact patterns and questions to test various skills and abilities. The ability to identify legal issues and determine the legally relevant facts are two such skills. Knowing the law thoroughly will help you spot issues and will help you answer the question. But, practice will help even more.
(Lisa Bove Young)
Thursday, June 12, 2014
Summer bar preparation is kicking into high gear. The first week is a blur. The second week is overwhelming. The third week is a blur again. Bar preparation is excruciating- physically, mentally, and emotionally. One way to stay even and remain focused is to practice meditation.
Meditation can take on many forms. However, mindfulness, attention to breathing, and intentional focus are necessary components. First, try to create an environment where you can be quiet and free from distractions. You do not need to redecorate or go to extremes. Merely find a spot where you can feel relaxed for ten or twenty minutes per day without being interrupted.
Next, concentrate on your breathing. Think about good air coming in to refresh and satiate your spirit; and, the bad “stressful” air being exhaled and released. Attention to breath is essential to meditation. If the only one thing that you accomplish is sitting with your breath for 10 minutes, you will still be in a better mental place. Try to clear your mind and focus on your breathing and let everything else melt away. Thousands of assignments, rule statements, MBE questions, and life stressors will try to infiltrate your thoughts. Keep them out by concentrating on your breathing. Let this time be just about your breathing.
By making meditation a daily practice, the stress of bar review will slowly melt away…at least for a short part of your day. Even though schedules are strained, adding a 10-20 minute daily meditation can help add a deeper level of peace and contentment. So... turn off your phone and computer, find a soft spot to land, close your eyes, and breathe.
(Lisa Bove Young)
Monday, May 26, 2014
We have all experienced many firsts: our first day of school, first car, first date, first victory, first defeat, first kiss, first heartbreak, and first day of law school (maybe not in that order). Today, you will experience another common first…the first day of bar review (cue Beethoven’s 5th).
No matter which bar review course you are taking, the first day of bar review is overwhelming. There are new books, new terms and acronyms, and so much new information. To say that this first day of bar prep is overwhelming is truly an understatement. Instead of going under-prepared and leaving in a catatonic state, here are a few suggestions to make this monumental first not only tolerable, but also productive and meaningful:
- If you have received a box of books or binders, envelopes filled with paperwork, or links via email, open them and read them PRIOR to attending your first bar review class.
- Start your bar review routine off right: Get a good night’s sleep before your first day, chose a wake-up time that will get you to your class with time to spare, and eat a nutritious breakfast.
- Be comfortable, but look presentable. You do not want someone to think you raided Barry Manilow’s wardrobe.
- Pack energy boosting snacks: pick your protein (nuts, yogurt, cheese, hummus, freeze dried ice cream, hardboiled egg…). You need to stay awake and feel energized.
- Bring a notebook to take notes and a hardcopy calendar or planner. You do not need your computer.
- Pray, meditate, practice yoga, or adopt another ritual that will help keep you centered. You must find a way to stay motivated, focused, and positive. Bar prep will wear on your psyche; thus, you must approach it with a clear plan and an open mind.
Above all, take your first day of bar prep seriously. If you underestimate the importance of this first day, you may miss valuable information and set yourself on a path toward failure. Instead, approach the first day in earnest. Show up physically and mentally and set yourself up for bar exam success.
Friday, May 23, 2014
Some students have engaged in early bar preparation prior to law school graduation, while others have chosen to focus their efforts on other tasks during their last year of law school. While I strongly advocate for the notion of “the earlier the better” for bar prep, many decide to live solely in the present and avoid the bar exam until it is imminent. "Ignorance is bliss"after all.
This sentiment brings to mind Thomas Gray’s poem Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College, a personal reflection on the bliss of youth and the worries and trials that lie ahead in adulthood. Law school is by no means paradise, but it invokes “wild wit, invention ever-new” much more than preparing for the bar exam. Unfortunately, preparing for the bar exam feels much more like "comfortless despair."
Thus, I encourage students to take time now at the close of their legal education to reflect on their successes, their challenges, and the fun times that they had as a law student. This provides closure to their law school experience and helps invigorate their ambition to succeed on the bar exam. And, since the "folly" of bar review will be upon them next week, I hope they have one last weekend of pure, unrestrained bliss.
Tuesday, May 20, 2014
Could a horrifying February Bar pass rate actually signal an effective Bar Prep Program?
Imagine having roughly 100 students each year in a law school class. Let's say 50 students pass the July Bar for a 50 percent bar pass rate. The school decides to hire an ASP person to start a bar pass program.
The ASP person starts some type of Bar Prep. The following February (this school has no Feb grads), the 50 past failers take the exam and 30 pass for a 60 percent pass rate -- so things are improving. Importantly, those 30 new passers were students who only failed by a small margin, so the Bar Prep program's help was the real turning point. The remaing 20 failers plan to take July. In my imaginary jurisdiction, people can and will take the bar exam as many times as it takes to pass.
The next July 85 out of 120 pass -- a 71 percent pass rate. The following February 25 out of the remaining 35 pass -- again 71.
The ASP person is getting more experienced, receiving more faculty and student buy-in with the higher rates, and getting more comfortable with that state's exam, so the next July 90 of 110 pass (80 percent!) -- but only 10 out of 20 pass in February -- with a 50 percent February pass rate, things seem to be moving in the wrong direction . Notably, with the new and improved program, there are very few close failers left in February and the returning failers seem to be getting deeper and deeper in a test-taking hole. The school runs some statistics, and it seems that 10 of these students cannot pass the bar no matter what the school tries to do to help them. In fact, being burned out on the entire law school thing, these 10 fail to ever respond to offers of help.
The next July 92 out of 110 pass -- but only 8 out of 18 in February-- a pass rate of 44 percent.
The next July 95 out of 110 pass -- but only 5 out of 15 in February--a pass rate of 33 percent ... and so on and so forth.
At the end of the day, I don't think a school's bar pass rate is particularly useful in evaluating either the school or its ASP Program -- but, as a thought experiment, I thought it was interesting to note that July success may actually correlate with February failure. (Alex Ruskell)
Tuesday, April 1, 2014
The National Conference of Bar Examiners announced last Thursday that it will be adding a new section to the Multistate Bar Exam -- Interpretive Dance.
The new section will add one hour to the current bar exam, and take place on the same day as the MEE and MPT. Students will be given a topic from the current list of MBE subjects (for example, "The Rule Against Perpetuities") and will then have 40 minutes to choreograph an appropriate dance "displaying the student's understanding and familiarity with the relevant issues and analysis" and "showing the student's aptitude in formulating the relevant rule of law in logical and complete ways." The students will be given six potential music choices: "Les toreadors from Carmen Suite No. 1" by Georges Bizet, "Ride of the Valkyries from Die Walkure" by Richard Wagner, "Bugler's Holiday" by Leroy Anderson, "Rhapsody in Blue" by George Gershwin, "A Love Supreme" by John Coltrane, and "Baby Got Back" by Sir Mix-A-Lot. The dance should take no longer than 10 minutes.
At South Carolina, we will be instituting a new class in response to the change, which will include basic choreography to make sure the students fulfill the section's mandate of "choreography appropriate to the legal issue at hand." The class will largely focus on Balanchine and Graham, although we will also look at Tharp and Cyrus as potential role models.
We will also be instituting daily group sit-ups because of the importance of core strength.
Wednesday, March 12, 2014
For many 2 and 3Ls the Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE) is right around the corner. The MPRE is a multiple choice exam consisting of 60 questions offered three times each year. The MPRE is a required licensing test for all states except Maryland and Wisconsin. The American Bar Association (ABA) Model Rules of Professional Conduct, the ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct, and controlling constitutional decisions and generally accepted principles established in leading federal and state cases and in procedural and evidentiary rules are tested on the MPRE. Commercial bar companies have condensed these rules in their review lectures. And, fortunately, most of these companies offer free MPRE courses and materials for students.
Although these free resources are available, many students do not take advantage of them. Instead, they underestimate the difficulty of the MPRE and sometimes take the exam without even studying. While the MPRE is not as challenging as the Multistate Bar Exam, it is still a high stakes standardized test that requires concerted effort in order to reach a passing score. A careful study of the rules sets a firm foundation for test day. Additionally, as with any test, completing practice questions will hone an examinees test taking ability and will help assess their performance. The commercial bar courses offer ample practice questions for this purpose. The National Conference of Bar Examiners also offers for purchase one Online Practice Exam (OPE) for the MPRE.
Here are a few other things to keep in mind as you prepare for the MPRE:
- Arrive on time, but not too early. Once you have been checked in by the proctors in the testing room, you are not allowed to leave prior to start time. If you arrive too early, you are stuck waiting in a room full of overly anxious applicants and an assortment of #2 pencils.
- You cannot chew gum during the exam (or have other food or drinks). I really wanted my gum, but they made me throw it away.
- You cannot wear earplugs! Why? I do not know the answer. This is cruel and unusual.
- You are able to leave the room during the test, but depending on your testing site that may not be a great idea. At my testing site, the bathroom was two flights of stairs from the testing room. (Even though I wanted to take a restroom break, I did not want to sacrifice the time.) Extra time is not given for restroom breaks.
- You cannot bring anything into the testing room- no cellphones, no bags, no books... Bring your pencils, your ID, your admission ticket, (photo- see below) and your knowledge of PR.
- Don't forget to bring a current passport-type photo on exam day. Think about getting this out of the way early.
- Leave your watch at home. Watches are not allowed at the test center. Electronic devices of any kind are not allowed either.
- As with the bar exam, wear comfortable layers. The temperature of the room may be too hot or too cold and may fluctuate during the course of your test.
Above all, do not minimize the effort needed to prepare for the MPRE. Last minute cramming may lead to regret. Scores are posted approximately five weeks after the test. Good luck to everyone taking the MPRE!
Thursday, March 6, 2014
Now that the celebrations and champagne toasts have faded, bar examinees may feel lost, deflated, or generally lacking direction. This state of mind is what I refer to as the "Post Bar Exam Blues." As with other challenging life transitions, processing their bar exam experience will take time. They have been on a roller coaster ride with extreme highs and lows for the last eight weeks. Once the ride ends, it is hard to remember who you were before you got on.
In order to best move through this period, I suggest that students first reflect on their experience. Sharing their feelings with someone they trust can help them work through their fears, their doubts, and acknowledge the incredible accomplishment of getting through this test. Writing out their feelings is also helpful. Once they get these emotions out into the universe, it is easier for them to put the experience behind them and avoid replaying it over and over again in their mind.
Results generally take several months to be released. Thus, once they have the opportunity to reflect on their experience, it is best to redirect them toward something positive and productive. Second guessing their performance, or holding their breath until results are posted is fruitless. Instead, having them create a list of current projects or ways to use their free time can help them see that there is life outside of bar review. Also, jumping head first into a new job or a job search can help remind them why they wanted to become a lawyer. Ultimately, getting them to understand that they are not defined by their MBE score will help them remedy their blues.
Wednesday, March 5, 2014
Is the check a negotiable instrument? Is the party a holder in due course? Was the check properly payable? These are frequent questions bar students draft as they struggle through answering Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) Article 3 & 4 bar essays. However, these struggles appear to be over for many. According to the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE), effective with the February 2015 bar exam, Negotiable Instruments (Uniform Commercial Code Article 3 and the excerpts of Article 4, Bank Collections) will no longer be tested on the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE).
This news should come as a relief to future bar exam applicants and Academic Support Professors as well. UCC 3 & 4 is an area that students rarely study in law school. They approach bar review with little (if any) knowledge of negotiable instruments and bank deposits and collections. The unfamiliar language coupled with the lack of practicality make this area difficult for students to internalize. Some students may have never even written a check! Additionally, many states that do not use the MEE, no longer test UCC 3 & 4. Thus, the decision to remove UCC 3 & 4 from the list of subjects tested on the MEE seems timely and appropriate.
This news also made me wonder how decisions like this are made. For example, are there are other subjects that should also be eliminated from or added to the list of subjects tested on the MEE? What is the process by which these decisions are made? Additionally, NCBE has expressed interest in adding more subjects to the Multistate Bar Exam (MBE). Should all of the current MEE subjects also be tested on the MBE? Is this truly necessary for assessing competency? Or, is this a bar that will negatively impact access to the profession?
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
Two weeks ago, I held a workshop about the bar exam for all 2L students. UMass has a significant part-time program, and the number-one concern of part-time students was "How do I study if I can't take time off from my job?" I stressed to all students that studying for the bar exam is a full-time job, and it takes a minimum of 800 hours of study time to succeed on the bar exam (more if a student is taking the California bar exam). Unlike law school, where part-time students have a reduced course load so they can balance work, family, and school, there is no "reduced study load" available for the bar exam. Reduced study time results in failure, and the bar exam is just too expensive to fail. I spoke to the students about spreading their study hours over a longer period of time, and taking the February, not the July, bar exam. I spoke to students about starting bar prep much earlier, so they can get all the study time in, if they must take the July bar.
I think this is a question we should revisit at an upcoming ASP conference. I know there is innovative, interesting programs that prepare part-time students for the bar exam, and I would love to see more information on how we can better prepare part-time students who cannot take time off the job for the bar exam.
Thursday, October 31, 2013
With Halloween upon us, I started thinking about all things frightening. While at this time of the year ghosts and ghouls are the first to come to mind, the bar exam is a close second. The bar exam is the single most grueling test of an individual’s resilience and stamina. While it is a test of legal knowledge, it goes far beyond just knowing the black letter law.
The bar exam is a test of personal strength, courage, and endurance. Applicants are tested in a variety of ways on subjects both familiar and unfamiliar in a severely time limited environment. It is a scary endeavor.
Oftentimes, Law School Deans, Administrators, and even Professors want to mask the bar exam for 1Ls to conceal the utter horror. They want 1Ls to acclimate to their legal education without the haze of the bar exam impeding their focus. Bar review companies are even forbidden on campus so as not to disrupt a student’s transition to law school.
These practices make me wonder. Should we scare our students into studying for the bar? If yes, should we instill this fear as early as 1L year? While I agree that 1Ls have more pressing fears to overcome than the bar exam, I also think it is a disservice to ignore the intensity and sheer hell that awaits them. If I walk into a theater expecting to see a romantic comedy and end up seeing Jason in a hockey mask with a bloody hatchet, my expectations are quashed and I may not know how to react. (I had to...it is Halloween.)
Training students on how to prepare in advance is part of our duty as legal educators. Law students need help learning how to prepare for class, how to prepare their study aids, and how to prepare for their exams. Preparing 1Ls for the bar is also necessary. However, it does not look like full fledge bar prep or even like training given to a 3L.
Instead, 1Ls need notice. They need to know what awaits them and what (if anything) they should be doing before they reach their final year of law school. Here are a few considerations that should be conveyed to 1Ls.
- Think about where you want to practice law. There may be jurisdictional requirements specific to that state.
- Ask questions! Your first year courses are bar tested. If you slip by without having a good understanding of the concepts, you will also be lost during your bar preparation. Seek out the answers to your questions as early as possible so that you can get the academic assistance that you need.
- Begin thinking about your 2L and 3 L years and your course selection. Consider the subjects that are bar tested and the subjects that interest you most. Try to balance your course load between these interests.
- Start planning for the financial impact of the bar exam. Applying for the bar exam is costly and bar exam review courses are as well. Additionally, many students fail to consider the cost of taking time off and paying for incidentals like travel and accommodations while taking the bar exam. Begin saving early!
- Research commercial bar preparation offerings. Many of the bar review companies offer resources for 1L and upper division students for free or a minimal charge. Take advantage of these resources as a 1L!
In other words, let's not "Freddy Krueger" scare them...maybe just add a little Hitchcock anxiety and suspense.
Saturday, October 12, 2013
I meant to write about this article when it was published this summer, but time got away from me.
I think it is highly relevant now as we see bar results come in (although those of us in East Coast states have a bit more time before "the big ones" come out).
Where were our students studying when for the bar? Does this impact pass rates? Is this a trend for students with the wealth to study in Barbados, or is this a trend manifesting a different ways for students without the means to travel to an exotic locale?
Tuesday, October 8, 2013
I want to give a hat tip to Paul L. Caron, Professor of Law at Pepperdine and owner of Law Professor Blogs, for the following link that might be of interest to our readers. http://witnesseth.typepad.com/blog/2013/08/what-are-my-chances-of-passing-the-bar.html
While I think it is risky to rely on calculators to assess bar passage probability as their results only factor in quantitative data, some students may find this calculator a useful resource for determining where to take the bar exam. Since many of us in Academic Support realize that qualitative data plays a huge role in bar success, the results from this "bar passage calculator" are not perfect. Additionally, if a student is told that their bar passage odds are low, they may make that prediction a reality. However, if a student is open to moving to a jurisdiction where their bar passage odds may increase based on the numbers, this calculator could be beneficial. My advice is to check it out and think about the pros and cons before distributing it widely to your students.
Tuesday, September 10, 2013
Bar Results are released at different times in each jurisdiction. This summer, Washington State administered the Uniform Bar Exam for the first time. In addition to many changes to the exam format, the results release date is changing as well. The bar exam results in WA are being released earlier- one month earlier! It is time to prepare for the results.
Grads often go into hibernation right after the bar exam. They are busy getting their lives back, traveling, getting married, and catching up on their sleep. As they begin to establish new routines distance grows between the bar exam and their current existence. Eventually, they are able to move beyond thinking about their performance on the bar exam.
However, as soon as talk of the impending results begins to surface (likely through Facebook), grads are jolted back to that uncomfortable state of limbo. During the weeks before the release of results, I start receiving emails, phone calls, and visits from grads who are calling on me for support or to ask questions about the delivery of their results. While I did everything possible to help them pass the bar exam, I now have no control over the fate of their results. I find myself in a purgatory of sorts. I, like our grads, am waiting with baited breath for the results.
With less than a week before the release of bar results, I offer these suggestions to grads who are feeling anxious.
- The bar exam is only a test. I know this is easy for me to say when I have already passed the exam. But, this test is only a snapshot in a lifetime filled with many rewarding and joyous occasions.
- The bar exam does not define who you are. (As stated above, the bar is only a test.) Your intelligence and character are not judged by a standardized test taken over a two day period. You have a lifetime to create memories, build a career, and show the world who you are.
- Focus on the things that matter most in your life. Having gratitude for the many wonderful gifts you enjoy in your life can turn a fretful time into one of reflection and personal growth. Sit down and make a list of what matters to you most and use that list to stay centered through the days (and hours) leading up to the release of your bar results.
- Make a plan for when you receive your results. Do you want to be with your friends or loved ones? Or, would you rather receive your results by yourself? Either way, you should make a plan so you can be prepared when the results are released. If your results are not favorable, you should have a support system in place to help you process your disappointment and lift your spirits. If you pass, you will want someone with you to celebrate. I hope all of you will be celebrating!
Friday, September 6, 2013
Two weeks ago we held our Student Services Fair and on behalf of the Bar Studies Program I was invited to participate. The first floor of the law school was lined with rows of tables nicely dressed with red and black covers (our school colors of course). Eager, newly minted 1Ls meandered through the crowd stopping to secure swag and informational handouts from the myriad of vendors and student services teams.
As students approach my table labeled with a “Bar Studies Program” placard, their starry-eye gaze quickly faded. Some completely ignored me and continued to walk past the table to quickly grab a stainless steel water bottle with attached carabiner (because law school is a lot like mountaineering but I will save that for another post). However, a few brave souls stopped to ask a question or flip through the books and brochures that I had on display.
From the fearless few, the most frequent question asked was, “I do not have to think about the bar exam yet, right?” Even though this sounded more like a statement than a question, I ventured to answer. While I did not want to completely terrify them, especially before classes even started, I also wanted to seize this opportunity. Thus, I proceeded cautiously.
From my point of view, bar preparation begins on the first day of orientation (possibly even earlier). Therefore, hopefully without scaring them to death, I discussed a few ideas regarding the bar exam that they should consider as they embark on their legal education. I have highlighted a few here.
Bar Examination Considerations for 1Ls:
- Think about where you want to practice law: It may seem too early to consider where you want to establish yourself as an attorney, but 1Ls should at least consider where they would like to live and practice as they begin their legal education journey.
- Find out jurisdictional requirements: Once you have chosen the jurisdiction in which you would like to practice or narrowed down the jurisdictions, it is a good idea to learn about the licensing requirements in that jurisdiction.
- Pro Bono Requirements: States may begin to require pro bono service for bar applicants. For example, New York State recently adopted a pro bono service requirement. Other states may soon follow suit...stay tuned. Either way, volunteering your time by doing pro bono work is win- win.
- Register with the bar association: Some states require law student registration or require a first year law student’s exam to be completed. For example, California requires CA law students to register with the State Bar within 90 days after beginning law school.
- Build the foundation for bar review: Keep in mind that everything you learn in your first year of law school will be tested on the bar exam. Most students just try to stay afloat long enough to get through their 1L exams. However, I encourage students to think about how to study, how to prepare for exams, and, most importantly, how to store information into their long term memory. The legal concepts and doctrines that they learn during their first year will be more readily accessible to them during bar prep if they have a solid understanding of them during their 1L year.
- Learn about the bar review course offerings: Once students have determined where they plan to practice, they can learn about the bar review course offerings in that jurisdiction. Registering for a bar review course during 1L year will allow students to take advantage of their law school programs such as lectures, exam review materials, and interactive software programs. Additionally, students will typically save money if they register for a bar review course during their first year.
- Plan financially for the bar exam: Create a budget for yourself during law school that reserves funds for your bar review expenses. In your expense calculations, make sure you include your bar review course fee, your bar exam application fees, MPRE registration fees, hotel and transportation fees during the administration of the bar exam, and living expenses while studying for the bar exam.
In essence, 1Ls, it is never too soon to prepare for the bar.
Wednesday, July 24, 2013
Many of you know that the National Conference of Bar Examiners write the multiple choice questions that are on the Multistate Bar Exam (MBE). However, you may not realize that the NCBE publishes three MBE practice tests, Online Practice Exams (OPE), for purchase in their online store. Each OPE consists of 100 mixed subject questions that have been taken from recent MBEs. In addition to more MBE practice, these tests include an explanation as to why the incorrect answers are incorrect.* This feature helps students assess their performance and improve their understanding of the law.
In many jurisdictions, including all of the Uniform Bar Exam jurisdictions, the written scores are scaled to the MBE and are weighed heavier than each of the written components. Thus, having a solid MBE score will help applicants increase their chances of passing the bar exam. While most, if not all, of the bar review companies provide ample MBE practice questions for bar students, the OPEs can still be a great addition to their study plan.
First, the questions on the OPE are actual questions from past Multistate Bar Exams. Therefore, they illustrate a sampling of the legal issues that could be tested on a future bar exam. Next, they are written in the exact style as the actual MBE questions. This is significant because answering MBE questions requires not only content knowledge but also critical thinking and logical reasoning skills.
Understanding the testing format on the bar is just as important as knowing and understanding the law. Higher order multiple choice questions are more difficult to answer because they go beyond mere knowledge and comprehension. They incorporate evaluation, synthesis, analysis, and application.** That is why typically the mean MBE scaled score is 139-143 (which roughly equates to a raw score of 115-123 out of a possible 200). Essentially, applicants need to get approximately 60% of the answers correct to achieve a passing MBE score.
I have encouraged students who need additional MBE practice to purchase the OPEs. They have found this resource to be incredibly helpful. They receive a score report upon completion and are able to repeat the test after they have a chance to review their initial answers and the explanations.
*National Conference of Bar Examiners at ncbex.org
**See Bloom's taxonomy
Tuesday, July 23, 2013
During the final week of bar prep, memorization is paramount. Overlearning the law is the best way to conquer the bar exam. MBE success requires quick recollection and MEE success requires depth of knowledge- both of which rely on memorization.
When studying this week, above all, try to understand your learning preference(s). Listening to your inner voice and sticking with what works best for you is the best way to be successful with your memorization. However, if you are still looking for other ways to memorize, here are a few ideas:
- Find creative ways to interact with the material and keep it fresh.
- Use a study partner or significant other to test you on your knowledge with flashcards or just talk out a subject together.
- Create tables, flowcharts, or diagrams to illustrate difficult rules or concepts. Even drawing pictures can help you create a memorable visual.
- Use other memory devices such as: flash cards, sticky notes, white boards, or a tape recorder.
- Create mnemonics that have meaning to you or use ones that have been created by your bar prep.
- Explain the main points of a subject or essay to someone else (a family member, friend, or roommate). Or, talk to yourself- it's ok, you are studying for the bar!
- Color code, use different fonts, or hand-write rules over and over in order to individualize the material and make it more memorable.
- Read your lecture notes or outline/study-aid aloud, record it, play it back and listen to it.
- Study while you move- walk, ride a bike, bounce on an exercise ball, or use an elliptical.
Good luck on your memorization this week!
Monday, July 15, 2013
The most important aspect of practicing Multistate Bar Exam (MBE) questions happens after taking the practice questions not during. Reviewing your answers after taking the practice tests is crucial to success. No matter how many questions you can access, it is not about the quantity of questions you complete. Instead, you should focus on quality. By incorporating review into your MBE practice you will figure out what you know and what you don’t know in addition to diagnosing common traps.
For the next set of practice MBEs you complete, remember to schedule enough time to review your answers. Read through the answer choices and the answer explanations. Whether right or wrong, determine why you selected your answer. You need to learn how to remedy your errors and replicate your successes.